185881_Car_design CFD-based Car Body Design for F-SAE-A Car

Executive Summary

This is the initial document of a car race designing and its model impact. The reports include the original documentation of the UWSF-SAEA race including their designing methods. This is the final report of car racing and their advance new technologies which implies the designing model as well as their project summary. The main function of this paper is to vary the confirmation and the new technologies which are used in car racing at initial stage of the race. This paper will form the documentation including their design contemplation. The project has divided in between two teams and the teams are working as unison. The team has working to design a new car model and its designing steps with new features and new tools, which attract the racer as well as the race. Team 1 is responsible for effect analysis of the car model including their failure modes and team two is responsible for fluid dynamics with their computational analysis.

At first the background will research their existing designs including their general theory and model impact. The racing cars are available for new racer including their criteria and limitation. It is already clear that the designing process of the racing car models has already included new design models and new tools to develop the effect analysis. This is a clear impact view on which the designing process has an initial stage in solid works.

Also it has some limitation to support the financial matter and it will access the certain limitation of all expertise within the car race limitation.


The entire team has a strategy to complete the project. The racing cars are builds the entire project in which the possible effort are came out. This effort will give individual efforts to complete the car racing model. This effort will support to deliver the funding of individual companies. The entire team must like to extend their sincere with the help of two teams. This technology is based on new model by using detain front wing, back wing and body aerodynamic consideration.  The diffuser body will help to construct them to generate tier coefficient.  It will also discussed in this paper that during the car racing model all issues are associated with the future development to build the physical implementation of the racing car.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary. 1

Acknowledgement 2

Introduction. 4

Research Background and Literature Review.. 5

Aims and objectives. 19

Methodology. 21

Step 1: Fundamental study of the project 21

Step 2: Simulation and modelling of FEA.. 25

Step 3: Testing of the material 25

Step 4: Optimal design process. 26

Step 5: Collection of the data and its processing phase. 26

Step 6: summarization of the project 27

Design Details. 28

References. 30


The western university of Sydney has already authorised more than six students to propose a formula SAE-A model to face several challenges during the racing times. It will also interact with different types of modelling cars and their models, which can able to operate other new models of car racing during the racing times. This task already involved the basic concept of a car by which they can build a finite element analysis (FEA) (Baker, 2005). With the help of this concept the car can optimise their designing model and their physical change towards the students. The method of SAE antagonism is made for SAE apprentice including their new members to consider, plan, put together, and compete by miniature formula-style racing cars.

These cars are co related with new features including their primary attributes and technology. With the help of these features the racing cars will able to make the race a new formulation. This racing cars have a god admire and with the help of team effort over a half period and their limitation. The cars are made up with the help of annual competition and its financial management techniques. A similar competition the above declaration reflects the regulations and information of team to develop the USA circa 2009 (Baker, 2005).

The history of racing cars includes the organizational view when SAE international has started their competition with the help of new racing cars. All allow lance has considered a new featured electric car which implies new techniques with a new racing model.

Te main content of this report will abuse the entire racing car models and their limitation. This progress report discussed about the technical view and the existing information of a new design in which they can build a research methodology of racing cars.

Although this project will designed practically but their impact will design their prediction and criteria including their limitation which will control the flow of funding, structure, uses of faculty as well as management sponsorship.

Research Background and Literature Review

The centre of weight is the new average of location by which the literature review can be formed. This is the average location for all the pressure of racing cars with the help of NASA Act forces 2014. This literature review will determine the centre of pressure which is not a easy task as because the constant height of the pressure change and their limitation. This is an important limitation of all the racing cars and their models. The common formula will illustrate the pressure variation including their case function to formulate the main function p(x).  It is possible to know all the relation to measure the arbitrary point by determining the main form of the centre pressure by determining the formula cp=(S[x*p(x)] dx)/S [p(x)] dx)

This is the centre formula of the gravity including an object by which it is defined the balance point of the racing cars. This balance point will measure the equal moment and the arms of length by optimising the entire length and their distribution. Mathematically the gravity including its centre weight has found by taking the average allocation of weight of the entire car (Walton, 1997).

The gravity including its centre of weight will oblige the definition of the balance point and its equal view which will maintain the overall sustainability and equal moment by measuring the length x and weight.

Once the centre of pressure has measured then automatically centre of gravity will determine the stable design including wind stability and x weight. Some royal institute of technology will measure the pressure of centre gravity and the gravity of incensement including their gravity generates.

Exclusive of direction-finding including improvement of the motor vehicle with this arrangement becomes unbalanced. The CP having a zero balance needs to compare the vehicle travelling at a minimum speed to control the traffic and the real excels of the racing cars.

The car racing company will control the vehicle demand packaging models to control proportional unit. Understeer in a vehicle can be with no trouble controlled and the motor vehicle can still be careful steady whilst in understeer. During the high speed of the cars the forces of the racing cars will come into the new forces and their designs. Some oversteer are able to lead the vehicle spin including their existence. An undergraduate plan team has to believe numerous changed and frequently by taking some challenging factors to get achievement. Apart from the different vehicle presentation compromise that require to be measured.

The researcher also needs to carry out the basic issues by which they can form the overall impact including their designing flows and their manufacturing control. It is the main impact which determines the project issues and their realization.

The above part recognises the vehicle configuration including their open wheel operation and also closed wheel operation.  The definition of the open wheel means as well as refers the 180 degrees formatting of tires when it has viewed from 68.6 mm planed form top ends.

The tires of the wheels must be unobstructed when it has viewed another point of view. No part is observed including their vehicle management to keep the circle at about 68.6 mm. This diameter is larger than the normal one and it will also take the initial part of the tire. This tyre can be formed with the help of new designing model. All straight tyres can be viewed by joining the driving position.

There must be a hook to pull the opening tyre during the running time of the bodywork. The front view of the driver component must oblige the required functions which have to be determining with the help of cockpit opening.

This is the tyre foundation by which the mineral requirements will implies an arrangement of the main hoop. This hoop transaction is called as node to node triangular with a new project plan. To authorize the comparative activity during cornering a care for discrepancy is frequently necessary.

This is the primary found of the entire research methodology of car racing work. Being able to maintain, the racing car will provide the technical flexibility this project will provide new challenges to control the entire racing system.  Protection and security in electrical cars (in where volts in addition to amps will present their hundreds) is critical, the entire exercise will help the team and their subroutines.

The major fact of the front wings is the aerodynamic device by which it can measure the wind speed of the racing car during racing time.  This facility provides the movement of a racing car including its down force elements and also it will directing the entire air to the rest of the new customer card. This is the main position of an end shield. Endplates are significant method to reconstruct the lateral stability and it will also separate the wing from the racing car and at last the wing has separated from turbulent flow of creation with the help of rotating wheels.  The cars are using a special function to generate the high turbulence by which it can enable other device and its function device. In a parallel method, bargeboards are coming at the bottom level and sideboards are acting as wind speed measurement and it will also help to provide the flow conditioner to keep the space smoother and it will also redirect the flow control of front wheel of racing cars.

In similar manner the boards are combined with the coordinator to make the model sharper and fine including its front wing and revolving wheels. Some edges are cut down from the vortex downstream around the side point of the racing cars. These car models are so affected to build a new upstream and downstream of the cars including tier rotating wheels.  The bottom edge of the car and the bargeboard will recognize the wind measurement and their velocity with respect to side pods. These raids are recognised to seal the flow management of rotating wheels of the racing cars. These racing cars are directly involved with their flow management system and their dynamic control measurement system. This side options are available to make the joint so easy and with the help of this separation the joints will use the design verification in an aggressive manner.

There are several methods of aerodynamic design by which the wind speed of the front speed can be measured including computational Fluid Dynamics and full scaling of test.

Wind tunnels testing are measure with the help of aircraft industry to control the racing importance and car items. The racing cars are made off different tunnel factor to control the motor vehicle. The information with the intention of car is using the special type of information to sit up and down in the ground including low tunnelling flow. The extra layer is also used for presenting the shear layer of wind measurement of a tunnel flow. To cancel out these types of offers moving cars during the racing times to control the flow of the wind speed including their testing. This form can be done to make a new form including their blowing format and their rolling ground for the above combined testing. The most common thing is to use the rolling ground with a common method to use the control and its overflow (Walton, 1997).

a different matter is coming from the car point view and its object is to measure the agronomics dynamics including its analytical analysis and affects of rotating wheels to composite the implication of accurate modelling. The effects of revolving wheels and the implication are coming from the car models and their accurate modelling. When wheel turning round has shaped as a result of a touching belt, the wheel’s payment to pick up is not with no trouble determined. A way approximately is appropriate in this is assignment including two slim belts (one intended for the left surface and one more on the accurate). This technique however is merely precise on full size models. In provisions of consideration of FSAE wind subway difficult, it can be capable of be supposed that the difficulty of the wind speed subway and replica itself will contain a straight collision on the correctness of the consequences.

For a specific application the car design must be include the following data’s:

  • By using the specific environment the outside diameter will build a greater environment and their wall thickness
  • Use the specific wall thickness including their outside diameter
  • Replacing the round and their square turbine game including larger size
  • All the specification are used with the use of bending rules of a racing car

 One another substitutable including their tubing geometry and other different models to be used in the main Hoop hall and main roll Hoop with the help of bracing steel. These steel are used for several composition including its components and techniques. If the first team can choose the alternative materials then the main Roll are submitted in the roll hoops and their additional tube. The accessory aims have to be the location all along the pipe everywhere to deviate farthest a new from a as the crow flies line between equally trimmings.

If any composite materials are not available in the present document then the material are used to follow the receipt including their document and their domain with material’s properties. Details structure are followed in the front wheel type materials and their materials used by which they can for their core materials.

In this picture the wheel can move in both left and right direction with or without any force. This wheel can be minimized by using the Helmet clearance.

The resubmission of a new car model has written with the help of a submission enquiry of a racing car by which it will able to control the flow and the speed of the ca during the racing time. This is the main ability of the racing cars. Each side is normal to carry out their possess tests and to surrender SESs based on their creative labour. Vehicles finished less than a standard SES must be made-up with an accordance including the equipment and processes explained in the SES.

This is the wheel axes which have to be form in between the racing cars to complete the new models:

  • The seat availability will be for remote position
  • The pedals are available for the new car places including their forward position (Donahue, 2003).
  • The button of the front wheel are placed in between the back gear position and the font gear position
  • The middle 20 mm which called as B is used in between the node pedals and their rearmost face.
  • The upper 300 mm unit terms will be positioned as the head restraint including their head helmet

We know the common formula to measure the diameter of common gear is as follows:

Viscous similarity:

Compressible similarity:

Gravitational similarity:

For a stable replica with graceful air, the Froude figure is empty and to admiration the self-motivated similarity Reynolds and Mach information be supposed to be the similar as full weighing machine (Donahue, 2003).

Typical wind measurements are obtained and it will also include the following metals:

  • Scale measurement of model scale at about 40 to 60 %
  • Contraction ratio 5-7
  • Wind speed at about 40 to 60 m/s
  • Rolling road
  • Boundary layer suction
  • Control the temperature

In real this boundary layer suction will control the road rolling including their speed control and their temperature control.

The literature review includes the critical assessment including their local and overseas by which it can conclude the examination process. This relationship also is held in between the vehicle size and the occupation protection. The occupation of the mass communication is held with the help of protection of occupation protection. The number of data sources will create a new protection in transport system. Initially several local number of internal road are coming from racing car models.

 At the premium stage all searches are made up with the help of international road simulation and there research documentation is processed to complete the vehicle search. Some computer searches are added in this literature review with the help of Federal Office and their road safety and MEDELINE including the main database system. The documentation is made up with the help of LASOR system, which can be found in the wheel gear system (Donahue, 2003). There are 1000 references are specified including vehicle and safety designing in this system to compose the papers and this will reports from an international key and their conferences to publish the safety organization. MUARC has already published the circumstances about the racing cars in 1992 to represent the wheel and their limitation of speed. Folks am car model are founded by carrying the statistics reports and these reports will help them to construct the complete literature review and safety design of racing car models.

MUARC had composed different types of copies to publish the motor vehicles and its components by surveying the including in the review. Appropriate papers are followed to complete these papers during the review of this car making process.  These papers are directly collected their internal data and also external data on basis of project objectives. Researcher has found several interruptions during the designing model of a new car by which they can build a successful and safety consequences. Previous data are followed to reconstruct Vehicle management over past three years including snapshot and their avalanche of data since 10 to 15 years on an open market.

This is more often than not measurement which achieved by exploit the longitudinal and cross accelerations as well as their declaration of circuit. This utilization concept is coming from the G-G diagrams to complete the lateral and the longitudinal acceleration, in where all the acceleration is coming to form the travels across the world (Rigsby, 2007).

 However in all heavy electric motor vehicles there must be a greater sensitivity to control the vehicle mass and these terms will control their speed acceleration. From the above picture al the main outputs are coming from the simulators which were illustrated in the graph.

This is the graph in where the researcher can find the acceleration and their simple torque during the racing time by which they can build a new model of car. This work will permit the substitution in between the relative motion and the flexibility provides. In this picture format the IC rating vehicles will control the flow diagram. To permit the torque setting the flexibility are faced with the help of new wheel cars. At the same time as this offers significant suppleness it present new challenges in organize association.

These forms are added with the help of rear difference and their researcher will find their attributes.

The sensory contribution will manage to attain the main separation and these will include the wheel angle in between the feedback angle and motors.

 Protection in electrical cars are coming from the cylindrical works is critical to face the learning exercise for both the front wheels and back wheels including their team management and function.  A steel car is used to represent the safety of a driver including their steel shape and their monocoque chassis.

The starting point of the sizing motors are found in different cars to make the reconstruct opinion for the important team. There are more simulation can done with the help of energy consumption and their team consumption which will generate the system develop system. The motor generation are made up with the help of energy consumption to construct the natural information and their interconnection which can be formed for hydraulic pressure. To confirm the simulation process the system has to generate a signal generator including a realist tic testing of physics. Therefore the physical test can be seen with the help of driving condition and the vehicle competition of lasting collaboration (Rigsby, 2007).

Apart from these designs the main differences in between the momentum and the laws of physics will include the racing car environments and its objective to conclude the overall project.

The forces of cars are measured with the help of Fa and Fb to complete the race. When evaluate the main dissimilarity in the edited side pods the car system will include the general wheel system into it.  With the help of these data the high pressure can be formed within their upper surface to make more attribute the system.

This in the end including pushing the car downward towards the highway; this is exposed in the counter on top, when contrast down power of every case. These system will measure the 20% decrease including their nomination to control the C case where all the paired will follow the drag in a race cars. Attractive into explanation all these consequences and its evident that it is potential to produce down strength by observance the side pods sensibly small and to remain the under plate.

The under serving dish will discontinue any air fugitive the firth and in twist absconding the warmer. This relation will form a basic speed formula of the entire car racing formula in SAE market including their Inlet system and also outlet system which provides the side of compensating of car reads (Fox, 2004).

For this reproduction of car models the foundations have been seen in between two system and their subsystems also to control the velocity of racing cars. When it will compare the suppression the cone was fluted due to the blast frame of the racing car. If any car is running at a average speed then their velocity will measure the common measurement of speed and the distance. When the quality of suspension will measure the velocity of the car then it will automatically measure the difference of the quality. This quality will control the air flow passing towards the side pods and these side cars will control the observation. From these research and information the literature review will conclude the car rental model and its airflow model including best models and best situation. Theses airflow model will manage the heat transfer system and their transferring rate (Fox, 2004).

The cove surface of the surface pod ought to be comparatively big this is to create sure that even at minor speeds can be measured in between the surface airflow model, and there is considerable airflow for chilling of the engine. The cove has to be the correct size as to keep away from the confused airflow limitations shaped by the exhaust. As the cove dimension will amplify so does the yank power, but not at a speed sufficient to reason of alarm as chilly of the locomotive is an extra significant to the cars presentation than little diminution in haul.

Extremely little augment in drag were verification through the use of gills and a flue, evaluate to the 30%-46% augment in tempo of high hotness transport. This is a commendable calculation to the automobile rent and verification.

In previous section the control of the cars should be increased at the top most level to control the speed and the dimension of the car including their similar respect of obligation. This obligation will help to measure the consumption ability of the car and their injury status by combining the statistical disciplines. The risk of the cars will measure the number of injured drivers towards the number of accident in subtract with involved drives (Raum, 2008).  This combination will calculate the cars safety and their policy to control the racing environment.

This is the entire literature review in which the research background be obtained including their risk factors and their sample value to fulfil the basic criteria of car new models. This model will also conclude the sample value of the appropriate estimate including their data analysis.

Aims and objectives

Aims and objectives define the several kinds of statements that will be achieved in the entire project. Several kinds of aims and objectives will be set for determining the whole project in a proper structural way and at the end of the project the outcomes of the aims will be achieved. The fundamental aim of this project is to evaluate a formula SAE-A vehicle with the help of CAD design which determines the overall structural design of a vehicle using the finite element analysis. This project mainly focuses on the several kinds of structure of a SAE-A vehicle such as steering system of the vehicle, frame of the vehicle design, suspension of the design and the braking system of the SAE-A formula vehicle. Various kinds of official regulations of the designing method which is practicable must be considered for this project design. Several kinds of objectives will be set for evaluating the entire project with elegantly will be described below;

  • To design the formula SAE-A vehicle, rules and regulations should be examined.
  • To establish an understanding of the several kinds of previous SAE-A design so that an idea can be achieved from the previous design process (Raum, 2008).
  • To determine an analysis of the previous several kinds of design this should be focused on the effective component for each of the element.
  • To design the process very elegantly with the help of some basic concepts on the SAE vehicle design such as frame of the vehicle design, suspension of the design and control system of the design like braking system of the vehicle and the steering system of the vehicle.
  • To design three type of model of the SAE-A vehicle design with the help of solid works model (Fox, 2004).
  • To select an ideal model for designing the overall system.
  • To select various types of optimal materials for designing the solid work model.
  • To calculate the various kinds of facts and figures from the overall report of the project.
  • To test the design procedure with the help of FEA simulation.
  • To determine the several optimistic parts with the help of feedback from the simulation software FEA.
  • To design the several types of SAE-A vehicle model and manufacturing process of the design.
  • To develop an analysis for physical designing of the SAE model with the help of torsion analysis.
  • To design the further physical test with using the optimistic design.
  • To construct the overall formula for finishing design of the SAE vehicle.


Methodology of a project can be referred to as the detailed process of the overall project which will be considered during the whole project. Methodology is the step by process from which data is taken for designing the overall project with the help of several kinds of facts and figures (Bogdan, 1980). This part consists of several kinds of steps of methodology process by which the overall project will be completed within a proper structure.  For this project, the methodology process can be classified into six types such as;

  1. Fundamental study
  2. Analysis of the FEA modelling and the process of simulation
  3. Testing of the components material
  4. Optimal design process
  5. Collection of the data and its processing phase
  6. Summarization of the project.

The fundamental study of the project can be classified into some types such as selection of the project and gathering team, literature review of the study for methodology process, development of the methodology process, summarization of the overall project and several kinds of fundamental works. Collection of the data and processing phase can be separated into several types such as results of the data collection process and discussion of the gathering data. The summarization of the project consists of three parts such as final report of the project, oral presentation of the report and the prototyping of the project. The methodology process of the data   helps to understand about the overall project and details of the project about the SAE vehicle design. Several kinds of methodology steps are detailed below;

Step 1: Fundamental study of the project

For evaluating the methodology process the first step is the study of the overall project to understand the project with the help of proper guidance and supervision. The project will be designed by the six students in a group for the design of formula SAE-A CAD design which also separated into two groups such as on is the FEA group and another is the CFD designed group. For determining the methodology process this group consists of three students named Rifat Khan, Sheldrake Johnson and Terry Nguyen (Bogdan, 1980).

Between the two groups such as FEA and the CFD process, the FEA group will design the several kinds of finite element simulation analysis and various kinds of testing which will help to determine the overall methodology process. This group will design only the SAE car simulation part of the project. The designing of the SAE car analysis can be also classified into some subsystems such as;

  • Suspension of the design
  • Control system of the car design
  • Power designing method
  • Frame design of the car
  • Body with aerodynamics of the car design

The several kinds of subsystems will be designed by the each student of this project.

Literature review is used here for gathering several kinds of data with the help of previous designing process and their understanding will be established for the designing process of the project. These literature reviews will be used for understanding of the report by the each of the student in a group and each student of the team member and the focus of the each student will be on the subsystem design of the project. The group members will be allocated for searching the resources from previous literature survey and resources are shared between the each group of the member of the project (Bogdan, 1980).

Twenty literature reviews will be performed by the three members of the project group to gather a large number of data from the several kinds of resources. Total sixty literature reviews will be gathered for collecting the valuable information. The sixty reviews are summarized with the help of proper information and texts from each of the reviews will be critically analyzed. Out of the several reviews most relevant reviews will be taken into consideration for developing the project.

After completion of the literature review process CAD design process will be done in a proper structural format. The initial stage for the designing process will be roughly designed and other information will be analyzed with very elegantly. Calculation part of the design process will be determined and the CAD design of the overall system will be designed.

Several kinds of SAE part of the vehicle will be designed with the help of CAD design process such as frame structure of the design process, control system which consists of some subsystems like steering and brakes and suspension of the overall system. Optimal design is selected after consulting with the supervisor and the entire team. The best CAD design project will be selected from the each of the team member with respect to long time constraints of the report.

The total time framed structure of the project will be designed with the help of gnat chart process which will be given in the below part.

The overall project will be described with the help of a flowchart which defines the overall process of the project. The flowchart of the project describes the several steps for the designing process and other many phases which are involved before the construction process of the design.  The basic fundamental key for rules and regulation of the process will be designed.  The whole flowchart process will be done twice within the overall design process. The overall designing process is shown in the next page with the help of flowchart diagram.





Step 2: Simulation and modelling of FEA

After completion of CAD model design FEA modelling will be done with the help of the above flow chart process. This process will take the time as the same as step 3 processes. This process includes the CAD model design with the help of ANSYS design software. The ANSYS software provides the simulation and testing of the design for examining the tensional stiffness and the various types of functionality for the each of the pert of the model. FEA software provides the detailed description about the combination of the suspension of the design and the frame of the model. FEA software helps to optimize the design process with the help of other simulation of the software. The design which will be analyzed by the FEA software will be more realistic and capable with the vehicle. The frame structure of the design will be studied for ensuring the safety and security process of the FAE design. Some goal will be determined to check the result of the design which can meet the several goals of the weight and stiffness of the model. Simulation and modelling of the SAE design will be done with the help of several kinds of procedure requirements.

Step 3: Testing of the material

When the simulation process will be performed then the testing process of the material will also be done simultaneously. This process consists of several kinds of sub processes such as research of the materials and analysis of the research material in respect to their strength and weaknesses. After selecting the material the materials will be tested with the help of FEA software. This provides a better opportunity for performing the design process under stress so that it can meet step by step design requirements. Several material parts will be designed in FEA software and will be simulated in the ANSYS software and with the help of solid works model these materials will be embedded and testing. Before purchasing of the materials testing will be done so that testing is necessary for using the material. Some materials which are not used in the solid works the materials will be added manually to the library of the materials for establishing the value of the materials.

All the materials which are used to the design process should be complied with the several SAE rules and regulation of the system. Some structural models such as roll hoop should be designed with some specific materials like mild steel for several kinds of safe and security reason. If the all materials are complied with the rules and regulation of the SAE then no experimental observation is needed.

The testing of the material step provides the innovation when the vehicles are the shedding weight. The structure of the material frame will be replaced as per the criteria so that weight, strength and weaknesses of the material should be same. For this reason step 2 and step 3 are the combined process of the project. Reduction of the weight is an important aspect for car racing and it also important for the formula SAE design with the help of under powered car. Weight decreasing can help to provide better benefits for performance of the vehicle but it is not limited to acceleration of the vehicle, overall handling of the process, braking distance of the system and concerning ability of the overall process. By examining all the elements a differential material will be chosen which the combination of low weight and high strength.

After completion of testing materials process, physical testing will be done. Physical strength and torsion test is used to understanding the compatibility of the material. By selecting the proper material torsion and strength of the material can be found. Data should be obtained from the proper physical nature of the materials and data feasibility can also be examined with the help of testing.

Carbon fibre and the modern alloy of the materials are also being tested during the testing process with the help of simulation and their comparison with several common materials also will be done.

Step 4: Optimal design process

After completion of the optimal design process, a summarized model will be reported. The model contains several kinds of materials which have been described in the step 2 and step 3. In this step several kinds of redesign of the process will be done with the help of FEA simulations process. Discussion is necessary with the several groups of CFD team so that a suitable design process will be created.

Step 5: Collection of the data and its processing phase

Several kinds of important data with the help of various facts and figures are gathered to compile in a report so that step by step process can be understood. The data collection and its processing phase consist of several discussions part and the various results of the gathered data with the help of facts and figures of the data. In this step of the process various innovations ideas are analyzed with the help of critical reviews. Data can be added or deleted in this phase of the design process and further analysis will be evaluated in this phase.

Step 6: summarization of the project

After completion of the all designing process a summarization of the project report will be done with the help of development of the CAD design formula of SAE vehicle design. The summarization of the project consists of some parts such as, various kinds of solid works design model with proper specification, several kinds of materials with low weight and high strength, testing result, optimal design of the project, different kinds of data results with proper facts and figures of the data, several tabulation and table and various CAD model design with proper specifications. From the literature review part several data and information will be gathered and different reviews will be analyzed with proper format of the structure.  The data also will be gathered from several resources are summarized and analyzed. In the last part of the project report different kinds of time constraints will be analyzed with the help of gnat chart which provides the proper features of the total time duration of the entire project. If possible, the prototype of the designing process will be analyzed with the help of proper structural format.  The prototyping part consists of several parts such as, creation of the actual framework, control system which includes the steering of the car and braking system, suspension of the design process and the last process is the testing of the simulation data which are gathered from the resources and reviews. The testing process can depend upon the several time constraints.

Design Details

The entire project is concentrated over building and developing a prototype or sample outer shape or body of a Formula SAE-A racing car. The process will contain the complete concept from the very beginning to the very end till the implementation of the last object completing the entire body of the car. So far the project have not disclosed several challenges that the team will have to deal with while in the mid of the entire process. The team currently is in the process of research and in the idea proposal stage of the entire project.

The entire team was allotted to do the complete building and developing of the formula SAE-A racing car. In order to do so, the team at first started off their task from scratch, starting with researching over topics regarding the existing styles and designs of the racing car. It was important to notice the rules and regulations regarding developing the car. Team started off with researching over the existing style and SAE-A rules and regulations to observe the complexity level of the competition. To go step by step and the list of tasks that needs to be executed and the list of rules/guidelines that needs to be adhered.

The process of analyzing the complete competition and cross referencing several concepts to conduct the research would help team and team members to chalk out strong and weak points or advantages or disadvantages of individual design. The complete process will help the team to choose the best concept compatible design that will suit the design the team is working over. The team will go through various articles and writings. This reading procedure will help them familiarize with eh issues and problems that have the potential to come up within the process of designing the complete car design (Oxlade, 2011).

The major issue the team has to face during the complete process of designing was the “time consuming” of specifically two segments. One is Aerodynamic simulation of the structure. About how aerodynamic is the body shape is of the car. Simulation is a computerized platform where teams can perform a simulation process of the complete procedure, and erect their mistakes to come up with the best possible way out. And the second segment where the team had to face problems was during the process of initial design of the prototype body of the entire racing car.  During the process of shaping the body of the prototype car the team came to know that various portion of the car as; breaks, seat, seat belt and steering wheel are already in store and have been purchased, and are needed to be taken from the solar car team (Oxlade, 2011). Overall the team work and overall progress of the entire design process has been going well and the entire team is working as a team and competently and has been using the time effectively and efficiently. If all goes well and team continues working together like this then the overall project will be completed till the exact date.


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