Political Science: 825382

Political Science

Identify and explain three primary agents of political socialization, and explain their importance. Next, identify and explain three secondary agents of political socialization. Do you think a person’s political opinion can change over time? Explain. [MO3.1] 

Three primary agents of political socialization are Family, Media and Peers (Greenberg, 2017). The three secondary agents are Education, Religion and Faith. Yes, a person’s political opinion can change over time.

Define political ideology and briefly define the following terms: libertarian, classical liberal, modern liberal, traditional conservative, modern conservative, socialism, communism, and fascism. [MO3.1] 

Libertarian is a person who believes in the ideology of libertarianism or free will. This is the ultimate expression of free will of the individuals. In classical liberalism the theorists believe that the civil liberties should be maintained under rule of law but ensuring economic freedom. Modern liberalism however prefers a mixed economy and the concept of social justice The traditional conservatism is also often known as the classical conservatism emphasizing the need for the principles of a transcendent moral order, manifested through certain natural laws to which the society must conform. Modern conservatism is an upgraded version of the older conservatism and is more liberal in nature. Socialism is the idea of the society greater than individual. Communism is the philosophy propounded by Karl Marx about the rule of the Proletariat through revolution. Fascism is the rule of dictatorship.

Several factors play a role in a person’s interest and participation in government. List and explain three of these factors and how they contribute to/detract from participation. Why is it important for citizens to participate in the political process? [MO3.1, MO3.2] 

The three factors that play important role in a person’s participation in the government are social environment, political environment and the benefits of such participation. It is important for the people to participate in the government because otherwise power will be concentrated in the hands of a few people that will destroy the democratic nature.

Describe some of the problems surrounding public opinion polls. How does public opinion influence public policy? [MO3.2] 

Rather than truly concentrating on individuals’ opinions, polls center around the activity of casting a ballot in a setting that is a false theoretical — if the “poll were being held today,” when it isn’t. Pollsters do that, it is assumed, in light of the fact that they accept ought to anticipate how the decision will turn out, as opposed to giving a reasonable photo of the reasoning of the U.S. people.

Explain the electoral college. Can an election in the electoral college differ from the population’s election? [MO3.4] 

The Electoral College process comprises of the choice of the balloters, the gathering of the voters where they vote in favor of President and Vice President, and the checking of the discretionary votes by Congress.

The Electoral College comprises of 538 voters (Bugh, 2016). A larger part of 270 constituent votes is required to choose the President. Your state’s entitled apportioning of balloters approaches the quantity of individuals in its Congressional designation: one for every part in the House of Representatives in addition to two for your Senators. Read more about the allotment of discretionary votes.

Describe today’s political campaigns. Include the shadow campaign, primary campaigns, and general election campaigns. [MO3.3] 

            Shadow Campaigns is The Shift in Presidential Campaign Funding to Outside Groups.But this cycle, shadow campaigns appear to be more shameless than any other time in recent memory about transmitting their associations with hopefuls, and enormous givers are compensating those gatherings that have close ties. A primary race is the procedure by which voters, either the overall population (open primary) or individuals from a political gathering (shut primary), can demonstrate their inclination for a hopeful in an up and coming general race or by-decision, in this way narrowing the field of applicants.

During the 1800s various political parties in the United States rose, evolved, and died. Today the two major parties reflect differing ideologies. Summarize the ideology each party promotes and the segments of society and the economy that each attracts. [MO3.3, MO3.4] 

            The two political campaigns present in USA are the democrats and the republicans the liberal and the conservative political factions respectively.

Discuss the various elements in the election process from announcing candidacy to election. [MO3.4] 

Each segment of the electoral framework has a crucial job and can be utilized to change its outcomes. A straightforward however viable portrayal of the electoral framework must think about the entire procedure, beginning from the inclinations communicated by the voters to the foundation of an administration. The accompanying four eliminates can be pointed: defining the electoral standards; selection of candidates; the vote;  the interpretation of votes into seats; and the final administration development.

Money is a crucial component of any presidential campaign. Where do campaign funds come from? [MO3.4] 

As indicated by the Federal Election Commission and reports from the competitors and media, the cash originates from an assortment of sources including extensive benefactors, little contributors and authoritative donations. Although little amounts from people include generously, a noteworthy wellspring of battle financing is the Super PAC, the extraordinary political action committees. An arrival of information by the Federal Election Commission demonstrated that 48.9% of money go toward media ads, with regulatory costs coming in second at 24.6%

Discuss the importance of direct democracy. List some examples of this process. [MO3.3]

Direct democracy, additionally called pure democracy, types of direct support of natives in fair basic leadership, rather than indirect or delegate democracy, in view of the sway of the general population. This can occur as a get together democracy or by activity and choice with poll casting a ballot, with direct casting a ballot on issues rather than for applicants or gatherings. Now and again the term is likewise utilized for choosing agents in a direct vote instead of indirect decisions, by voting in favor of a choosing body, constituent school, and so on, and in addition for reviewing chose officeholders. Direct democracy might be comprehended as a full-scale arrangement of political organizations, however in current occasions, it implies frequently particular basic leadership establishments in the more extensive framework condition of agent democracy.


Bugh, G. (Ed.). (2016). Electoral College Reform: Challenges and Possibilities. Routledge.

Greenberg, E. (Ed.). (2017). Political socialization. Routledge.