Quite a long time ago India was depicted as a place that is known for superb life; each man and lady who existed here was equal to heavenly creatures. The notice of 33 billion appearances of Gods in the Indian scriptures alludes to these occupants of old India. It is a nation of brilliant legacy and great past. All extensions of learning and progress are said to have radiated from the Indian Philosophy and Culture which were spread over the globe through the devoted altruist tries of the Rishi. Countless and analysts of world-history, oriental society and erudite development have clarified distinctive parts of antiquated India and on commitments of India to the whole world. Pt. Shriram Sharma Acharya had evaluated the establishment and extension of the society and progress of India and had arranged an extensive exploration report The bona fide data accumulated by him in 1972-73 throughout a voyage administers is similar to a compact reference book which is distributed as “Samagra Vishwa Ko Bharat Ke Ajastra Anudaan”. He furnished points of interest with evidential data and references on the worldwide extension and verifiable commitments of this most aged society to the human progress and social improvement of whatever remains of the world. (Indianculture.awgp.org, 2014)
INDIAN CIVILIZATION CONTRIBUTIONS
The civilization of India begins with the river Indus and the river Ganges. The country India has derived her name from the river Indus. The civilization of India has entered from two cities-Harappa and MohenjoDaro. The science and technology achievement of India has been divided into few divisions like Indian inventions, mathematics and astronomy. Discussing the historical context of the science and technology of India, it can be said that it has started with Mehgarh, the human activity and continues via Indus Valley civilization to empires and early states. The education in India was started by the British Colonial Rule to increase the higher education, foreign institutes and native class for civil servants (Singer, 1955).
The Harapan civilization (Indus-Sarasvati) was the first in the world that planned to build underground drainage and towns, hydraulic engineering, air-cooling architecture and civil sanitation. Rust-free steel was an invention of Indian civilization that remained as a remarkable skill in the construction field worldwide. The Damascus steel that was made by Indian Steel, was imported by the Europe people. The Sheffield steel is also a crucible steel of India that is acclaimed in UK. Research also shows that the Europeans had worked for decade in learning the skill of Indian for making such crucible steel. Another significant contribution by India was the distillation, use and isolation of Zinc (Indianchild.com, 2014).
The farmers of India had developed fertilizers with latest applications, non-chemical and eco-friendly pesticides that are used in the agricultural practices worldwide as a traditional practice. Soil Technology and crop rotation are the practices in which the Indians are pioneer. If talked historically, the agricultural production of India has sustained the life of large population of the world. The Harappan civilization had contributed lot in managing the fresh water with new technologies (Archaeolink.com, 2014).
Indian Fashion is considered as an ethnic framework. The development was obviously begun by Mahatma Gandhi Home Spunkhadi. Today Dilli Haat – a legislature activity is an enormous illustration of this. Dilli Haat is a stage given by the administration of India to help Indian Textile Crafts. Tsunamika and Ngoslike Sewa and various Institutes such as NIFT alongside government dealing with Craft group Initiatives have helped the recovery of the artworks. Originators like, Mr. Manish Arora, Ms. Anuradha Vakil, Mr. Rohit Bal, Mr. Sabyasachi Mukerjee, Mr. Tarun Tahiliani, Ms. Ritu Kumar and a lot of people more Indian fashioners bank majorly on Indian Textile specialties for their brilliant designs. Indian Fashion has lately but contributed to the global luxury market.
The medical practitioners from India has contributed a lot in the medical field by utilizing latest techniques, by understanding and observing the body functions, monitoring the diseases by conducting latest surgical practices and procedures. Then development of cauterization, suturing, probing, puncturing, incision, excision, bone setting, plastic surgery all these kind of medical skills were developed by the Indian practitioners. Looking at the historical context, Jabamukhi Salaka, was introduced by the Indian medical for using it in cataract surgery.
In conclusion, it can be said that the Indian civilization had contributed a lot to the world, that cannot be spoken or discussed in this essay completely. The socio-economic and the scientific development had offered an immense prosperity to the world. The Indian civilization has taught the world to plan making town and building, introduced latest medical tools and procedures, agriculture, architecture to name a few. There is lot of evidences to show the conception and contribution of Indian civilization.
Archaeolink.com, (2014). Ancient India. [online] Available at: http://www.archaeolink.com/ancient_indus%20and%20indian%20civilizations_ancient_india.htm [Accessed 26 Jun. 2014].
Indianchild.com, (2014). Harappan Civilisation Indian History. [online] Available at: http://www.indianchild.com/harappa.htm [Accessed 26 Jun. 2014].
Indianculture.awgp.org, (2014). Contribution of India to the World. [online] Available at: http://indianculture.awgp.org/ContributionofIndiatotheWorld/ [Accessed 26 Jun. 2014].
Singer, M. (1955). The cultural pattern of Indian civilization: A preliminary report of a methodological field study. The Journal of Asian Studies, 15(01), pp.23–36.
Yomi.mobi, (2014). History_of_Indian_science_and_technology. [online] Available at: http://yomi.mobi/egate/History_of_Indian_science_and_technology/73/a [Accessed 26 Jun. 2014].