From Slavery To Freedom-2298470

The study will provide a summary of the chapters of the book ‘From Slavery To Freedom’, such as Chapter 18: Double V For Victory and Chapter 19: American Dilemmas.

Summary of Chapter 18: Double V For Victory

The chapter reflects on reframing democracy, keeping the home fires burning and understanding the military services. In 1940, the Army of Hitler and the Air Force conquered and occupied the nations of Denmark, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Norway. The international rivalry and territorial aggression also characterized the years leading up to the First World War to soon after the conference of the Paris Agreement in 1999. In fact, the treaty said that the more powerful nations had used the league as a cloak to impose their will on weaker nations. The leadership of Hitler, during 1933, made the clearance to African Americans facing the fascist dictatorship, which generally created the dark clouds of war in the international landscape. With the spirit of patriotism, most of the African-Americans joined the war effort because Hitler had disrespected the African-American community. The chapter can evaluate the role of African Americans over the course of the war. The arsenal democracy agreed to build more guns, more ships and more planes for the free world of America. The speech of Roosevelt about the arsenal of democracy managed the shift and transformation into defense industries with loyal workers. It also emphasizes the critical importance of the black population to the national defence. He also appointed black people to significant positions. A great proportion of the African-Americans also received into the army, but the American War Department refused to place black officers. Neither African Americans nor the president were aware of the political implications. However, additional prejudice revamped the situation and converted from domestic to war-related production. Black workers found themselves to be disrespected for apprenticeship and other war training programs. African Americans with the sense of their own power, also preloaded communist dominance and set a new style of activism and protest with pressure on the federal government itself. They also demanded defense jobs and integrated military services. In 1939, the US government implemented a program to set the remedy of the low state of the countries, military between the First and Second World Wars, American people had become isolationists. The number of soldiers and officers declined. Despite discrimination in the armed forces, more than 3 million African Americans registered for potential military services by the end of 1941, the number due to 370,000 in 1942. In addition to this, the participation of African Americans also elaborated capacities at draft board members, examining physicians, members of the registration advisory board and board members. Also, women were enlisted in the Women’s Army Corps. Throughout the war, African Americans agitated for the opportunity to become commission officers. Also, black leaders demanded to be trained as officers on an equal basis after the World Department announced the plan to train African-American pilots in Alabama. Also, the war reformed the situation of black engineers, as well as the African-American combat troops, navy and merchant marine practitioners. Black leaders also linked with black patriotism for economic advancements, which redeemed the soul of America celebrated the defeat of Hitler and fascism and developed equality and justice.

Summary of Chapter 19: American Dilemmas

The chapter reflects on the comprehensive documentation and analysis of the fundamental dilemma of the American Creed and the realities of racial discrimination, segregation and practices in the 1940s. It also resulted in harmful effects on black Americans. The author elaborates and declares how US history is filled with violence and other treatment against black Americans and immigrants. During the Second World War, the struggle demonstrated hatred, exploitation, Insite greed, and religious intolerance as much as the destruction of civilization. With the goal of racial equality, some of the challenges and tactics are managed by civil rights organizations in the USA. However, others with equality believed that equality was problematic, even dangerous, during implications. Most of the time, assimilation, miseducation, capitalism, and communism are the dilemmas and strong agreements between blacks and whites and among blacks themselves. The chapter also reflected upon school segregation, which segregated Africans in school. The black and white scholars, being victims of social pathology, can describe the impacts of racism and meet the segregation of social roles: ‘separate but equal’. Between the 1940s and 1950s, the interpretation of black pathology tended to privilege assimilation instead of resilience through black distinctiveness. Many scholars and artists from the black pride and black power in the late 1960s become the victims of the black pathology. The intellectual crosscurrents revealed that World War II made the livelihood of white people and revealed the country’s persistent problems of racial inequality. Rejecting both white and black African scholars, all of whom stayed back for funding, especially unfolding the Cold War. It also managed different criticism that the root of the race problem is not psychological but rather economic. However, from the 1940s to the 1950s, the election assertively speaks about racial expectations where black leaders chose to create a diverse groups of radicals, moderates, liberals, and conservatives through a unified demand for full citizenship and full participation in American life. The influence of such a culturist society also provides advocacy through education and educational models and emphasizes equality in the United States. These implications also helped to mitigate conclusions about the race. However, the new world of African-American cultural patterns changed their livelihood, religion, and art and significantly exploded Africanism in African-American culture. It also included a new generation of activists on the civil rights to the streets, employing to a greater extent than ever before mass and providing nonviolent tactics, such as demonstrations, voter registration, diverse boycotts, sit-ins and freedom rides. It can also be added that the local communities throughout the nation refused to wait for the court decision and mobilized to produce a national movement to insist upon their freedom.


Franklin, John Hope, and Alfred A. Moss. From slavery to freedom: A history of African Americans. Vol. 1. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2000.