Effect of Culture and Eating Habits on Childhood:1460260

Literature Review

Reasons and issues related with obesity –

Obesity has been a big problem in the world. There are millions of obesity patients and 39.6 percent of adults and 18.5 percent of children ages 2 to 19 in America have obesity. Obesity is caused by the unhealthy food habits and it also have cultural influence (Reicks, et al., 2015). The work culture is also an important reason that causes obesity.

The obesity has been observed in the people that follow a routine where they do not give importance to exercise and healthy habits. The people that eat junk foods and avoid exercise develop obesity. The obesity affects their health, this increases the probability of developing chronic diseases. The obesity is also responsible to develop mental health issues (Ojha, et al., 2015). The obesity patients are mostly bullied and this leads them to depression and mental health issues. The culture also has influence on the obesity. The obesity is caused when the cultures whether at schools or society do not promote healthy eating habits and exercise. The healthy habits are developed when the environment around the people is promoting healthy habits and eating habits (Hart, et al., 2015).

Unhealthy Eating habits –

People who eats junk food have higher chances of developing obesity, because the amount of carbs and fat in the junk food is high. This affects their metabolism and digestion system of the body and the person put on weight. This weight can give rise to problems that affects their health. The overweight can be problematic in daily life. The daily lives of these obesity patients can become complicated. The people face many complications in maintaining social relations (Mena, et al., 2015). This becomes difficult to day to day tasks and they can find it difficult. The junk food is the main cause of the obesity and the metabolism is affected such that the body becomes fat. The fat children also have more chances of having asthma and respiratory problems at an early age as it becomes difficult for them to perform any task. They find it difficult to do tasks and activities that involves physical efforts (Williams, et al., 2015). This becomes difficult for them and when they do any physical task, they get tired easily. This affects the metabolism and their body becomes weaker. The immunity is affected such that their immunity becomes weak and they are more likely to get sick easily. Their body can have serious issues in future if they do not control their obesity.

Critical Appraisal of Literature

The healthy habits can be developed by following a routine that focuses on healthy food habits and exercise routine. The healthy habits can help the people in controlling the obesity problem. The obesity can affect their lives. The obesity patients can have problems in facing people and because their confidence level is also affected by obesity. The cultural impact on the health of people causes them to avoid interactions with people. This also affects their relation with other people. The people can bully them or they can have feeling of inferiority (Sahoo, et al., 2015). The sense of inferiority becomes an obstacle in their personal life. The culture that not focuses on developing healthy habits and exercise in the daily routine at an early age faces problem of obesity. The children that eats junk foods and avoid working out are more likely to be obese. The obesity can be controlled only if the person opts for a healthy lifestyle.

The lifestyle always has cultural influence, the practices and food habits are determined by the culture. The people living in an environment that do not focus on exercise and physical strengthening can have problem of obesity. The obesity can be problematic in their lives as it is important for the person to be physically and mentally fit to get better opportunities. The children that are obese are low on confidence and it affects their learning abilities as their mental health is affected because of getting bullied by other classmates (Hayes, et al., 2018). The people having obesity when bullied can lead to depression in them and it affects their lives. Their lives are affected because the obese people have a feeling of inferiority and always find themselves with lower confidence level. This becomes an obstacle in their growth and development.

The literature review of the research shows some gap that related to some aspects related to the eating habits. This gap needs to be recovered for the better research process.


Hart, L. M., Damiano, S. R., Cornell, C., & Paxton, S. J. (2015). What parents know and want to learn about healthy eating and body image in preschool children: a triangulated qualitative study with parents and Early Childhood Professionals. BMC Public Health15(1), 596.

Hayes, J. F., Fitzsimmons-Craft, E. E., Karam, A. M., Jakubiak, J., Brown, M. L., & Wilfley, D. E. (2018). Disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in youth with overweight and obesity: implications for treatment. Current obesity reports7(3), 235-246.

Mena, N. Z., Gorman, K., Dickin, K., Greene, G., & Tovar, A. (2015). Contextual and cultural influences on parental feeding practices and involvement in child care centers among Hispanic parents. Childhood obesity11(4), 347-354.

Ojha, S., Fainberg, H. P., Sebert, S., Budge, H., & Symonds, M. E. (2015). Maternal health and eating habits: metabolic consequences and impact on child health. Trends in molecular medicine21(2), 126-133.

Reicks, M., Banna, J., Cluskey, M., Gunther, C., Hongu, N., Richards, R., … & Wong, S. S. (2015). Influence of parenting practices on eating behaviors of early adolescents during independent eating occasions: implications for obesity prevention. Nutrients7(10), 8783-8801.

Sahoo, K., Sahoo, B., Choudhury, A. K., Sofi, N. Y., Kumar, R., & Bhadoria, A. S. (2015). Childhood obesity: causes and consequences. Journal of family medicine and primary care4(2), 187.

Williams, E. P., Mesidor, M., Winters, K., Dubbert, P. M., & Wyatt, S. B. (2015). Overweight and obesity: prevalence, consequences, and causes of a growing public health problem. Current obesity reports4(3), 363-370.