Assignment Overview: History of social and economic life

                        Asked Question Overview for: History of social and economic life in Australia:-

Historically Australia has given most migrants the right to stay permanently but this is changing today. What is the significance of this? Discuss.

Answer the Question Frames is:-

During the second part of the 20th century, worldwide migration appeared as one among the key aspects within social advancement and growth in almost all the areas of the world (Iredale, 2001). Its importance is expected to increment further during the coming years since the populace mobility is continuously growing in number and takes on new forms (Taylor, 2002). Moreover, migration is the outcome of the incorporation of local communities as well as national economies into worldwide associations. Migration results in further advancement of the country. There exists mounting belief that migration is vital and unavoidable element of the social and economic life of every country and state and can prove to be advantageous for both the country as well as the individuals. However, migration also has serious issues associated with it like over-population, lack of job opportunities etc(Iredale, 2001).Migration is regarded as one among the defining worldwide issues of the beginning 21st century, since a large number of people are moving today as compared to the previous times. According to the researches more than 192 million individuals are residing outside their birthplace that is around 3% of the total world’s populace. Additionally, between the years 1965 and 1990, the total number of worldwide migrants incremented by around 45 million accounting to growth rate of around 2.1%. Further, taking the above discussion into consideration the continuing sections now provide an insight into the fact that how and why there has been change in the migration system of Australia as compared to the previous times.

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LAW332 Commercial Law Assignment 1st Semester 2012

General Instructions (These instructions are in addition to the instructions in the Study Guide)


  1. The length of your written work must not exceed 1500 Words.
  2. In calculating the actual word count INCLUDE quotations and footnotes (exclude case names and citation, legislation, articles and book titles wherever cited in the footnote; and the title of the assignment).  Indicate on the front page your word count.
  3. Write in “essay” format with appropriate references (bibliography not required) following The Australian Guide to Legal Citation (3rd ed).
  4. If you need more information to advise your client better, state the information you need and the reasons for the information.
  5. Deposit your written answer in the assignment box marked “LAW332 Commercial Law Assignment” at the entrance to level 2 ECL (School of Law), not later than 12 pm on Monday 23 April (Week 10). Online or fax submission is NOT ALLOWED.
  6. Please, refer to the Unit Information and Learning Guide regarding penalties for exceeding the word limit, late assignment, and application for extension of the deadline for submission of assignments.
  7. The research and writing must primarily be the result of individual effort and skill. The University has a very strict policy against plagiarism and collusion.  Check the appropriate University web page in this regard. University rules require unit coordinators to report to the Faculty Dean all incidents of suspected plagiarism or collusion for investigation.
  8. This assignment is worth 30% of the Unit assessment.


Botha is a recent migrant from South Africa.  This problem relates to three items of property, which Botha separately purchased in the last two months: a painting known as the Madonna, a used Mazda Ute (the “Mazda”), and a used Toyota Camry (the “Camry”).  Assume that Botha is a client of Rupert Murdoch Lawyers, a Perth law firm, which employs you as an articled clerk.  Assume further that Rupert, a partner in the firm, has instructed you to research and write a reasoned legal opinion, which he will use to advise Botha of possible liability and or rights and remedies, if any, with respect to each of the three items (you must treat the items as separate transactions).  Rupert is unsure whether the Personal Property Securities Act 2009 (Cth) (PPSA), adopted by the Personal Property Securities (Commonwealth Law) Act 2011 (WA), applies to the transactions. Rupert instructs you to write your legal opinion (a) Initially, without reference to the provisions of the PPSA and (b) with reference to the PPSA.  With respect to the latter, determine whether the PPSA applies to any of the transactions and if so, discuss what difference, if any, it would make to your former opinion i.e. (a).

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Weighting 25%
You have been invited to present a paper at the AMC Virtual Maritime
Conference which is being held on 30 April – 4 May 2012.   Your paper must reach
Norman Lawrence by Wednesday 25 April 2012 at the very latest.  Ideally it should be
received before the deadline.
The conference theme, Current Issues in Marine Machinery Systems, was chosen to facilitate
discussions and interaction between Maritime Engineers.   Although the Conference’s emphasis
is on the main theme, paper proposals on all aspects of maritime engineering systems design are
welcome (provided they are based on the topics of modules 2-12). The topic chosen must be of
interest and of relevance to the profession at large and contemporary in nature. It should be
thoroughly researched.
Suggested topics for conference papers include, but are not restricted to, the following:
 Oil/water separators, current practice and regulations
 Fires systems
 Use of composite pipes (and/or valves) onboard ships
 Engine room fires
 A review of corrosion and its control in ships
 Marine fouling of sea water systems
 A review of logistic support issues for fleet maintenance.
 Application of reliability centered maintenance to fleet vessels (surface or submarine).
 Review of trends in ballast water management for merchant shipping.
 Can DC power be eliminated from conventional submarines?
Case study (topic by agreement)
 Other Topics by Agreement

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Science asks not only “what happened?” but also “what caused it to happen?” vWhat is the difference between this and an incident investigation? SOLUTION

Occupational Safety and Health

(Safetyculture, 2012) Occupational Health and Safety laws in Australia is said to have originated from a 1956 building site, where the workers were hoisting hot buckets of bitumen till the roof of a five storey building. One of the buckets filled with hot bitumen got spilled onto the worker, and the High Court’s decision went in the favor of the worker that system was negligent towards the health and safety of the worker. It also said that the employer was under an obligation to put up and enforce a safe system of work and was instructed to take care that the workers were not exposed to the risk of injury which was unreasonable in nature. This story is the basis of the formation of OHS in Australia and is repeatedly cited every time in case of industrial accident cases. Since then it has been the employers’ responsibility and the moral duty to see that they are not exposing their human assets to unreasonable risk and are not risking their health as well as their safety. The firms have to be cautious and should devise regulations in order to ensure the perfect health and safety of their employees and it has become a notion of immense importance that humans should be treated above profits.

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