Science assignment help online: Effective barriers in skin from bacteria
The skin normally consists of many types of bacteria, but intact skin is one of the effective barriers that keep bacteria from making entry and developing in the body. When people, their clothes, hand, beds are not washed properly, it increases the availability of streptococcus bacteria in the body and cause Impetigo (Better medicine 2013). Similarly, Cellulitis is caused by subcutaneous tissues which take place just under the skin. This bacterium can also enter easily and break normal skin and causes infection in a person’s body. Irregular bathe, shower, dirty bed linen, clothes, towels can increase the risk of bacteria transmission in the body. Failure to remove dirt from house safely can increase the possibility of hookworm especially in infants because it is a condition that is caused by roundworms that generally take place in waste and hence affect small intestine and lungs of the people.
Science assignment on: Carbohydrates products
According to researches, it has been found that break is baked by using carbohydrate products that are generally made up of wheat or any other meal-flour, water, and salt. It also consists of either leavened that contains yeast or unleavened that is without yeast (Ensmiger et al 1995). Bread can be found easily and anywhere around. Moreover, it comes in different flavours, texture, colours and shapes. In addition, it is considered as a staple food in Europe and Africa where it is used generally in every meal. Bread is considered good for health as it has low fat and made up of carbohydrate, protein, vitamin and mineral that provide energy.
Science assignment On biology help: Booster tetanus injection
1. Booster tetanus injection is administered to the patient to prevent further infection from the wound which is cleaned and sutured. Booster tetanus injection helps in elimination of immune response that is responsible for wound formation. By injection of tetanus dosage, it helps in removal or entry of tetanus organisms at the site of wound. Even though the wound is cleaned but it get exposed to dust in air and soil gets contaminated with the microorganisms which elicit a new immune response to cause further infection. In general tetanus is administered after cleansing the wound it is subjected with disinfectants followed by surgical treatment (Brodie & Axelrod, 2009).
Biology assignment help essay: Era of Personalized Medicine
The medical approach of ‘one size fits all’ is an anomaly in the case of personalized medical care. This indicates that every person’s body reacts in a different manner to the disease and requires different treatment based upon their genetic build up. This is done with the help of molecular testing of each individual and studying their reactions to different diseases and medications (Current applications of personalized medicine, 2012).
Science assignment help essay on: Young people affected by issues
Young people are affected by a range of mental health, emotional and behavioral issues. Apart from these issues, mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety and eating disorders is also leading to a range of diseases in young people, especially mental disorders such as suicide and homicide, drug use and abuse, as well as unsafe sexual behaviors. However many of these issues can be sorted out with the help of psychosocial assessments. This paper has been prepared with an aim to present a case study where Mr. Peter Jose (Software Developer, 32 years of age), has been interviewed and examined using SNAPEO (Smoking, Nutrition, Alcohol, Physical exercise, Emotional/ mental health and Occupational history) with an aim to assess his health status. The report also throws light on some appropriate health promotion measures to maximize psychosocial health of Mr.Peter Jose.
Science assignment essay help : Health hygiene and Safety
In the recent past it has been observed that workers belonging to sawmill or particleboard mill were significantly exposed to the occupational hazard of developing nasal cancer or sinuses due to the use of formaldehyde in these industries. Though the correlation of toxicity of organic chemical upon the health condition of workers is to be confirmed, past trends indicate negligence on the part of industry management in maintaining a safe and hygienic condition for work. The survey has been undertaken on the basis of such need which is solely based upon the feedback received from the workers of these mills. An attempt has been made through this survey to assess the actual working condition of the mills from a closer proximity. For effectively carrying forth the survey the entire approach is meticulously planned such that the final results depicts a true picture while provides the required direction in combating the challenges of health hazards in particleboard industry.
Science assignment on: Asthma
Scientists have been working to make the earth free from all diseases from the time which cannot be collected in the memory of the mankind. Unfortunately the objective is still very far away from even beginning stage. Among many dangerous diseases present in this universe, Asthma is one of the major health related problem which can be found in large scale in the society. Be it an adult or a child, this disease has not left any age or gender untouched from its impact (Langenfeld, Bonaiuto & Edmonds 2006). If researchers are to be believed, there are some particular conditions which relate to this disease, however the patterns in which it is present in different people may vary from individual to individual (Levy, Weller & Hilton 2006).
Science assignment help : Rates of HIV/AIDS are higher in The Third World
HIV/AIDS is an ever increasing problem which is found to be proliferating on Third World or the developing countries. Despite of all the efforts done by bodies like World Health Organization (WHO) and the Joint United States Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) who have been delivering a wide range of initiatives like education, treatment and prevention, it is spreading like wild fire (UNAIDS, 2000). AIDS got recognised firstly in the year 1981 and the virus which causes AIDS, HIV was isolated in the year 1983. The deadly HIV virus attacks the immune system and destroys or impairs their functioning and thus progressively it diminishes the ability of our body to fight certain cancers and infections (HIV/AIDS in Developing Countries, 2003).
What is acidification? What causes Acid rain? Can Acid rain be prevented and if so by what means?
Acidification is a dangerous process as it makes things difficult not only for human beings but also for animals and plants. Acidification is a process in which the carbon dioxide mixes with the water and soil thus, affecting the lives of living creatures. There are two types of acidification; one is the ocean acidification while the other is soil acidification. As per chemistry, it can be said that the decrease in pH level leads to acidification. Carbon dioxide is let out in air by human activities as well as natural processes and the same carbon dioxide and other poisonous gases are observed by water and soil. Carbon from the carbon dioxide reacts with water and carbonate minerals are formed. Carbonate mineral is a much required mineral for animals in the water to grow shells but yes, increase in the level of carbon harms the growth of organisms (PMELCarbonProgram). Soil acidification is also similar as slight inclusion of carbon in the soil won’t affect the plant’s growth but increase in the amount of carbon will make the soil useless as no plants will be able to grow on it (AustralianGovernment 2009).
Science assignment essay on: Gastronomy
The art of eating food is termed as “Gastronomy”. Sometimes the field of study of food and culture with focus on gourmet cuisine particularly, is also covered under gastronomy. The word “gastronomy” has been derived from the Ancient Greek word γαστήρ (gastér) which means “stomach”, and νόμος (nómos) “laws that govern”. On combining the two words one get literally meaning word – “the art or law of regulating the stomach”. Under gastronomy one explores, relishes, senses, researches, understands and imprints about various techniques involved in preparing food and sensory qualities of human nutrition as a whole (Archestratus,1994).
Science education and students diversity in Australian classrooms
In the present times the science class rooms and science curriculum has been devoid of the relevant multicultural education and other cultural educations. As per several scientists science is pure and thus has certain influences on the current trends, current pedagogy, and mainly the cultural influences. With the rapid development in the science and technology, the need for its education has become vital for all the students. It has become vital for all the students residing all around the world to become scientifically literate. With the coming 21st century students not only need to have knowledge about specific subjects but also have some knowledge about some engineering, science and also possess some technology skills in order to collaborate and solve certain problems (Diverse Learners in the Science Classroom, 2007).
Science assignment help on: Disability in UAE:
Disability occurs when any subsystem of the body is caused by the impairment. Disability can be sensory, emotional, physical, intellectual, cognitive, developmental or a combination of these. It may occur in a person’s body throughout his/her lifetime or may be present from his/her birth.Physical disability is caused by impairment which limits the limbs or fine’s physical function. One of the physical disability examples is sleep apnea. Sensory disability may be of many types such as caused by visual, hearing, olfactory and gustatory, and somatosensory impairment. Other than this, there is non-visible disability such as asthma, epilepsy, diabetes and inflammatory bowel disease. Talking about the causes of disability, it can be due to congenital, disease or infection and injury in any of the body part. Apart from this, disability can be caused by arthritis, heart disease, cancer, mental health problems, nervous system disorders, pregnancy, and accidents (Griffin, 2012).
Fatigue is defined as lack of energy and motivation to undertake any physical activity. Many people say that they are tired, stressed or exhausted; these terms, basically, indicate that a person doesn’t have the strength and willingness to carry on with anything. If a person undertakes rigorous physical activity then fatigue can be considered to be very much normal. The fatigue that is caused due to overdoing of any activity can be overcome by a few hours of rest. It is always better to undertake proper exercises and food so that fatigue can be avoided and then more attention can be given to the task which is being performed (eMedicineHealth, n.d.).100 meters sprint may seem to be easy but that is not true and hence, runners need to practice every day so that they can be better than that of their competitors. Warm-ups are one of the most important exercises that runners should take up as warm-up allows the body to be flexible. Warm-up for runners would be lifting their knees to the level of the chest and pulling the legs in parallel to the ground level. These exercises will allow the runner to move their legs faster and at a better speed. Running uphill is also one of the best exercises to reduce fatigue. The runner should run uphill and then walk down so that their stamina can be increased (Callaway, 2011).
Science assignment on: Health care insurances
Many people having health care insurances as well as not having health care insurances many times do not go for health care even though they need it. It cannot be blamed wholly upon them; many times the health care services or medical services are not fully delivered or successfully delivered to the patients or clients for which they lose interest. So, the successful delivery of the health care services or medical services are necessary to be studied. In this essay we are going to certain factors which affect the delivery of health care services.Even though the most important barrier is the financial constraints, but there are many internal barriers to the successful delivery of the health care system. So those factors will be discussed in detailed in this report.
Science assignment on: In Support of the Expert Approach to Asylum Seekers
There are multiple recommendations which the panel of the experts has made for the asylum seekers and the crisis which they face during the boat journey to Australia. The expert approach takes in account the importance of the lives of the humans and the safety, thus adhering to the fundamental human rights. It is on a positive note when the experts say that the visa processes and the pace of the same should be enhanced in order to keep them away from the risky boat journey all the way from Iraq, Iran, Afghan and Sri Lanka. It would be a great and fruitful initiative if taken by the Australia Government to become the leader and the coordinator in the Asia Pacific region so as to respond to the claims and the requirements of the asylum seekers which could be challenging in future. Also, if the government prioritise the asylum seekers according to the atrocities which they have had faced in their countries of conflict, the help which they would provide would be of great help to the people in distress (The Conversation Media Group 2012). This way, it would definitely make the seekers to follow the obligations and would bring order to the whole system of seeking refuge.Protection is most significant in the context of seeking shelter and therefore, it would be helpful if the people and the leading groups from the neighbouring countries of the same region also come forward. It would be good if the new parties would adhere to the exiting protocol and work accordingly onshore and offshore both. There can be some measure which can be helpful in the medium term like the negotiation with the countries like Indonesia and Pakistan to be open for the idea of setting up asylum seeking centres (BBC 2012). It has to be realised that as frequent and massive immigrations would be impossible to be consumed by a single country unless there is no long term plan of handling the people in crisis at a much larger level.
Science assignment help on: Error
Error is something that can take place at any point of time, during any course of action. As no one is said to be a perfect being thus, mistakes can happen and accidents can take place. Specifically talking about the health care domain, it is a very general thing that mistakes do happen in this profession. The people who to take medical services always consider that the doctors and the nurses are the immediate gods and they have the miraculous solutions to each problem. In such expectations the people tend to believe that no mistakes can happen. It is actually not so, and it is seen that there are instances where the medical errors can occur at any stage (Castle, N, et. al (2007)). They can take place if the healthcare provider chooses an inappropriate method of diagnosing the problem. There is again a scope of medical error if the execution part goes wrong, even after choosing the correct method. Therefore, such medical errors are only referred to as the human errors in the area of health science (Greene, S et. al (2010)). The importance of this issue can be seen according to the facts as provided by the Institute of Medicine. The report of the same institute for the US Hospitals has been astonishing as there had been deaths which were ‘avoidable’ and many such cases where the life of the patient would have effectively due to proper care. At times there can be the cases where the people who work within a medical institute are bad, but most of the times it is seen that it is the poor system that actually make the system to fail in the time of need. The possible flaws in the system are there like the poor communication, which can mistake both the care providers and the recipients about the authority of the individual, the reporting system of the hospital suffers from the lack of the coordination in the hospital system (Taxis, K and Barber, N. (2003)). The same can be better understood with relation to the existing human error theory which assists that one should only learn from the errors and thus to learn and then resolve it, its roots, the nature and the subsequent results shall be worked upon. The Human Error Theory interestingly throws light upon the concept of error, the same is brought out by adhering to the great literary thinker and philosopher Francis Bacon in the year 1620, that human mind has always thought of the ‘over-generalisations’ which means that the human mind always have that over-confident element of remembering each and everything which is exactly allocated to the right department of the memory in the human mind. This thought itself gives rise to error, because it all of being thoroughly perfect which is not possible. The theory stands widely accepted even by the British Department of Health, because the same has moved away from solely blaming the individuals, but by only accepting the fact that error is something inevitable (Harding, L and Petrick, T. (2008)). Various literary scholars, scientists and the psychologist have pointed out the fact that there are some cognitive processes and the multiple disturbing factors in the organisational environment and the surroundings that can lead to various accidents in the health care domain. According to Reason’s interpretation of the concept of error, it is “the failure of a planned action to be completed as intended – without the intervention of some unforeseeable event; or the use of a wrong plan to achieve an aim.” This definition was somehow subjected to mixed reactions, while some accepted this possibility of the error while others thought it was only a pretext for the mistakes done in a medical scenario. Though in the contemporary context this Human Error Theory has gained popularity because the same has been highly in relevance to the Norman’s idea of error, and thus these perspectives which have been built are the ‘Human Factors’ (Sheridan, T. (2003)).Further many factors have been analysed with relation to the same theory like the slips and the lapses from the memory, the mental performance etc. The same theory is widely accepted because of the explicit portrayal of the human factors but still the same remains vulnerable to the criticism. The same effectively brings out that the nursing is an important factor in healthcare but them there can be chances of the human fallibility where even the same system can fail to acknowledge that how such errors can be avoided. But the critique of the same has been there on building up the counter-argument that the job of nursing accompanies humanities, therefore the basic human factors which can be controlled like the personal hygiene like the wearing of the uniform, washing the hands, the use of anti-bacterial and the anti-viral techniques while handling the patients can guarantee high infection control. The availability of the trained staff which is willing to attend the patients can effectively led to stop the fostering of the errors. Other human factors which can be worked upon by the nursing staff in the hospital can range from the valid reason for which a drug is being used the collection of the true and the right records therefore the proper documentation of the patient’s disease. These were the critiques that were made on the various human actors which can lead to serious medical flaws (system) and the consequences can become fatal (Handler,S, et, al (2006)).Also, the assessment of the Swiss Cheese Model is necessary to understand that how the system of the medical errors contains the holes of the errors. Alike the holes that are present in a Swiss Cheese there are the inherent holes that are present in the medical system. This interpretation of the errors as formed on the basis of the Swiss Cheese model, place emphasis on the causes present in the system rather than blaming any sort of the individual failures. In a way this model has acted so far as a representative for giving an idea how can the painful events occur in a healthcare system and how should they be prevented. The Swiss Cheese Models effectively brings the significant human factors and the system factors which impact the health care set up and the various quality and the safety perspectives. The medical errors according to the model have a scope to arise because of the Organisational factors, the unsafe work conditions, the human tendency for the unsafe actions and the unsafe acts. The organisational influences are the lack of the management of the resources that are provided in the healthcare settings like the excessive use of the tools which are torn out, the old machines and the lack of coordination among the staff members ((Jeffs, L et. al (2012)). The next is the distracting and the fluctuating climate of the hospital, also referred to as the Organisational climate, like the lazy staff members, the untrained doctors and the people who are dogmatic by nature and thus unwilling to attend to the patient’s queries. The third influential factor is the operational process; this accounts to the methodology that is followed for diagnosis, the nurse or the medical supervisor might indulge either too fast processing or the too slow processes. The extreme behaviour of the clinicians and the health care staff thus can be referred to as the problematic in the operational process. The interpretation of the model defines that the healthcare system should be diligent in dealing with the patients at the right time and with the right networking, for this the recommended system is that of the Swiss Cheese where the holes should be seen as the chances where the ongoing plan or the operation can fail and the slices of the cheese are the ‘defensive layers’ thus becoming the safety steps or the shields. Therefore, the different layers only act as the filter, where even if the mistake, the error or the flaw in the operation has occurred in the first step then the same can be trapped in the defensive layer, leaving no scope for the error to be passed on to the next level. This is possible because the next layer would not be having the same positions of the holes as it was in the previous layer. This interpretation thus propagates the main idea that though the natural tendency of a human being to make mistakes cannot be corrected but the correction can be made at the part of the plan that is being executed so that the chances of the fatal consequences are effectively minimised (Karmen, L. (2008)).On the basis of the Human Error Theory and the basic human factors that are responsible for the failure of the health care system, on can conclude that the critical review of Swiss Cheese model can come to rescue many patients who are admitted to the healthcare centres. The question which the analysis has answered is that ‘Can the human errors be effectively reduced in the medical context?’ and it seems that the same is in a positive light because the solutions to catch the problematic have been provided by the collaborative efforts of the literary precursors, the medical scholars and the psychologists. The model and the theory which has been studied effectively solves the problem by attacking the root of the problem it can be said that health care setting is an indefinite system in which the safety off the patient resides (Wagner, C et. al (2001)). The safety quality is only determined while there is possible a healthy interaction between the medical actors, the health care standards and the potential errors in the existing health care system.
Science assignment on: Stress
Stress can be studied under the context of biology and it is known as a resultant of the failure that the human body faces because of the collapse of the capability to withstand external forces that the upcoming tasks or the works assure. This force is then referred to as stress, causing a state of unrest which further leads to a state of alarm and a rush of adrenaline. Stress can be understood as the strain that one faces on the mind and the body and therefore can be judged upon the two important binaries that is the Physiological and the Psychological Stress. The psychological stress is the one which causes the emotional stressors in a human being. The symptoms can be depression, the long crying spells, the anxious behaviour, isolation and the inability to finish tasks. The physiological stress is the one that is caused by the threat that is there for the physical strength of a body (Lazarus, R, 1993). The common symptoms are severe and frequent headaches, the digestive problems, skin problems and dizziness etc.The practical work would effectively ensure the difference between the mechanisms that follow both the stressors. The explanation to the working of the ELISA enzyme can be sought through the practical. The two phases for the practical Week 1 and the Week 2 would guide the progress of the exercise. The four students test the physical stressors, the psychological stressors and one of the students would be recording the responses and thus remain involved in finding out the correct conclusions. The recordings can be based upon Tc, GSR, HR, BP and CORT. The baseline measurements would then have the collected saliva of the students at different time intervals and thus the stress rate could be deduced. The week 2 practical session would indulge in analysing the cortisol concentrations in the collected saliva using the ELISA enzyme. The final interpretation can only be made post practical sessions. The activation of the HPA axis can be seen as the reason that increased the concentration of blood cortisol and that can be treated as the general assumption through the experiment ((Quindry, J 2012)).
Science assignment essay on: Report on health care sectors
The purpose of the report is to highlight the main issue that how the health care sectors i.e. the nursing professionals can help the children and the adolescents to foster in their emotional health. The emotional well being of adolescent gets affected if the adolescent had ever experienced any trauma or faced the critical situations in his life. The particular emphasis is on the deteriorated health of the adolescents because of over-eating and the consequent obesity. The report thus attempts to evaluate and analyse that how the life of the adolescents and the adolescents is being affected as according to the Children’s Headline Indicator. It will analyse that how nursing the adolescents properly can bring the positive changes in the lives of those adolescents and the grown- ups who have had faced certain situations. The emotional well being would be further discussed as an important issue that would identify one’s emotional state, the stress that the person is taking and the cognitive behavioural state which the adolescent has attained because of the deformed shape of the body (Williams, K et al. (2008)).
Science assignment on: Memory Distortion
Memory Distortion reflects upon the failure in recollecting the situation which have some facts or incidents, it results out of too much of confusion and attributes related to a situation. In such cases, the person either misinterprets or acquires a strong tendency to forget what he inferred or what others suggested to him. Thus, in such cases encoding and retrieval processes are applied in an intriguing manner, the person is taken back to the same situation and personally asked about the prime facts to which he/she can readily respond(Learning Memory. (2012)).The process means encouraging the person to relate primarily to his own verdict than depending upon what others said. In extreme cases the two processes can even rely upon chemical and electrical restoration processes. It is important to always have a practical approach and handle the situation at its best whenever it comes to court cases (Loftus, Elizabeth. (1996)). There are strong chances that eyewitnesses undergo recalling failure and have distorted pictures of the real incident, promising a tragic consequence: Wrong convictions; a real injustice to the innocent beings. More research on these issues is important because today the world is experiencing increasing corruption and crime, and gone are the days when one could rely on a person or any such faculty. The phase has turned everybody to become so mechanical that they fail to abide by their own wisdom and rules; therefore arise many confusions and distortions in perception. So, it is the demand of today’s world to rely more on evidences and technological aspect of every matter which requires abundance of research (Johnson, M. (1997)).6b.