Category Archives: NURSING

Theories and Principles of Nursing Education

Questions:

1. Discuss how your own learning styles and factors that affect your readiness to learn?

2. Discuss what methods you currently use to meet your own learning goals?

3. Identify your practicum project cohorts’ learning styles (or anticipated learning styles) and factors that may affect their readiness to learn?

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Diploma Access to Nursing and Midwifery-89818

Table of Contents

Task 1: 3

Task 2: 5

Report: 5

Formal mail: 5

Article summary: 6

Reference List 7

Task 1:

Article 1 is based on issues related to free birth.

Key points

  • To understand the issues that relates to free birth
  • To know about the procedures of birth and the analysis of risk
  • To know about the concerned ideas and the way free birth can be reduced

Free birth, the term defines the situation, when child birth took place in house without the presence of any qualified persons like doctors or registered nurse or registered midwives. This practice has some rules and regulations announced by the government. Therefore it has some legal and illegal issues. The text is based on the risk of giving free birth and all the issues regarded to this topic. Free birth is also known as unassisted birth. This is actually child birth without getting help of any professional (Embo et al., 2015). But at the same time, this should be keep in mind  that, the term free birthing should not be confused with natural birth or the issues of child birth which is attended by self employed often known as an midwife who are on the other hand independent. Free birth is considered as legal until and unless it is attended by an unqualified person. An unqualified person is not a registered doctor or a midwife. But the person can take full responsibility by herself or can take the help of any relative or partner or any friend as a support (Katvan and Bartal, 2010).  The person also takes the help of midwives. NMC recommends strongly, before taking the decision a woman should be concerned about the pros and cons of the free birth practice with a sufficiently educated and qualified person, who actually know all the effects of this practice.  Actually the free birth without the help of any qualified person is illegal according to the Nursing and Midwifery Order 2001, Part 9 Article 44.  Article number 45 says any person other than any registered medical practitioner or registered midwife could not assist any woman in child birth until and unless there is an emergency or in case of supported training (Gitsels-van der Wal et al., 2015). The unqualified person gives the same care as in case of qualified one but they are not the registered person like a doctor. They may present at the time of child birth but they must not suppose to assist the woman in this situation. In this case if anybody suspects any person doing illegal act should inform the registered midwives or the doctor or line manager for immediate support. Notification of all the births in UK is a legal requirement. All births should be notified within 36 hours of rests and the person who was present at the time of birth should be present at the time of notification. Along with this all the birth cases should be registered within 42 days. If any woman decided to have a free birth then a midwife should respect her decision and after the birth she should adhere the code like the Midwives rules and standards (NMC 2012), performance and ethics for nurses and midwives (NMC 2008) and standards of conduct. If midwife is called to attend a woman for delivery and for any reason the birth has not occurred then midwife should discuss this with the woman and document that (Ghafele and Gibert, 2014) .

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Nursing Assessment-58184

Health has become a major concern for the entire human beings which need proper attention in individual as well as in global level. In the beginning of the era of civilization, there were several activities which gave rise to quality of life of the human beings. This particular assessment will be focus mainly on the health issues faced by the aged group of people and related advantages and disadvantages. Strong emphasis is to be done on the basis of variety of possibilities to remove the disease and implications are required at all levels (Argiris, 2012).

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Community Nursing Assignment-76915

Please find the attached the file above and proceed my assignment asap. I am thinking to do in Australian Aboriginal people focus  (Adult group) in one of the local community or Areas of NSW ( use the specific community and the issues of the Indigenous people living there have significance from reports etc. in order for you to have chosen to address their health concerns.).

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Nursing research – Q&A Assignment_42750

Nursing research – Q&A

Contents

Question no. 7. 2

Question no. 8. 2

Question no. 9. 3

Question no. 10. 3

Question no. 11. 5

Question no. 7

According to the question the authors identified the strengths and weaknesses of the research methods as they believed that the study done by Singh et al was withdrawn by the British Medical Journal because it was unclear about the quality of the study included by Singh in the review paper of him in 1997. Now this study excludes the analytical sensitivity which did not consider the study at lower level or risk of bias. It is also important to make sure that all the results must support by the sensitivity analyses. The main assessment of the review was heterogenicity by using Cohran’s test. The understanding or the statistical degree of heterogenicity would have altered if I2 test was used in the assessment present in the analyses. In the example provided by the author proofs that the study review of omega 3 fats and worry describes less about the differences between the study of dart 2 and omega 3 trials.

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Indigenous Health Assignment

Indigenous Health

Background:

“Aboriginal people are a steady beating heart at the centre of our Australian spiritual identity,” quoted by the famous journalist, Caroline Jones regarding the indigenous population of the country. But the ‘heart’ is gradually being affected which raises doubts about the health status of this community. Indigenous people are a community having a set of particular rights based on their historical bondage to a territory or nation. They are culturally and historically distinctive from other population of the nation. They were facilitated with special set of rights as they are very much vulnerable to exploitation and oppression. Since their settlement is spread all over across the globe, it is very difficult to compile and estimate their population. A report suggested that their population ranges from 300 million to 350 million as of the start of the 21st century. Indigenous population varies in levels, patterns and courses of health.  But there is an alarming concern regarding their health profile. It is reported that there is a huge gap in the life expectancy between indigenous and non-indigenous populations of several countries like Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States (Claydon et al., 2007).  They also have higher rates of ill health as compared to other groups. Due to their inaccessible habitat at remote places, it is very challenging for the governmental authorities to supply better healthcare facilities to them. Moreover, they rely much on their traditional medicines, which are generally derived from plant and animal products.  Due to lack of awareness about current advancement of medicine, they are reluctant to practice it. Our current research proposal focuses on the child sector of these indigenous people. The present assignment will try to address the cause of higher infant mortality rates among such people as compared to the national average of Australia. It will also enlighten the plans and measures for improvement in this field.

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Health assignment report: Primary health care

Health assignment report: Primary health care

PURPOSE OF THE REPORT

Essay Writing Tutor SydneyThe purpose of this report is to increase focus and action for safeguarding the well-being and mental health adolescents (12-24 years of age), especially adolescents suffering from depression. There are numerous factors upon which the social, emotional as well as mental well being of an adolescent depends such as the kind of lifestyle followed by the family in which they are brought up, education of parents, family’s socio-economic status, values etc. The role of a nurse in providing primary health care through, health promotion, education, advocacy, illness-prevention etc. has been emphasized in this report.

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Nursing assignment essay help: Analysis of Hospital Corporation of America

Nursing assignment essay help: Analysis of Hospital Corporation of America

Detailed Analysis of Hospital Corporation of America

Essay Writing Tutor Sydney In order to manage the Park View Hospital in Nashville in 1968 Dr. Thomas Frist, Sr., Dr. Thomas Frist Jr. And Jack C. Massey founded the Hospital Corporation of America. The organization grew manifolds in the next two decades through acquiring as well as building new hospitals. They also contracted many facilities for their owners at the same time. In the year 1994 the major merger with Columbia Hospital Corporation occurred and it finally became Columbia / HCA Healthcare Corporation. The combined companies designated Richard Scott as their chairperson and CEO who was the founder too. Before planning an expansion across Florida and Texas, Scott, a lawyer purchased two troubled hospitals in El Paso.

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Nursing assignment help on: Demands of the consumer

Nursing assignment help on: Demands of the consumer-Stafford hospital

Introduction

Essay Writing Tutor SydneyThe demands of the consumer world are applicable even to health care and social care system of the country. Hospitals should be highly active in service delivery and health care as it is the most visible service that is given away to people by them. Failing to do that would impact the reputation of the hospital and thus the income of the hospital. The consumer demand has increased on Stafford Hospital and this assignment analyses some of the important strategies and perspective taken on service delivery, quality assurance and quality improvement methods that can be adapted by the health and social care sector and hence taken by Stafford Hospital.

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Nursing assignment help on: Health related risks and genes

Nursing assignment help on: Health related risks and genes

PART B :

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FACTORS REFERENCE MAIN POINTS LEVEL OF EVIDENCE
Arthritis Rheum. “Associations of 25 structural, degradative, and inflammatory candidate genes with lumbar disc desiccation, bulging, and height narrowing.”
  • A herniated disk frequently appears in the lower back.
  • It is among the largely prevalent reasons of pain in the lower part of the back, and also pain in the leg.
  • Genetic, toxic factors, shear stress or mechanical factors are observed to control disc generation.
  • Out of 99 variants 12 of them in 25 particular applicant genes gave proof of relationship (P < 0.05) with intensity of disc signal in the lower and/or in the upper lumbar regions.
  • Genetic variants account for interindividual dissimilarities in degradation and disc matrix synthesis.
Causes of disc herniation
  1. Lifting/carrying and extreme forward bending.
Occup Environ Med, “Occupational risk factors for symptomatic lumbar disc herniation; a case-control study.”
  • There was a statistically important constructive relationship amid excessive lumbar disc herniation and forward bending.
  • There was a statistically noteworthy relationship among lumbar disc herniation and increasing contact to weight lifting or carrying.
  • Data was accumulated in a planned individual interview and analysed by means of logistic deterioration to manage for region, age, diseases and nationality that affect the lumbar spine.
  1. Hereditary
Am Fam Physician. “Clinical evaluation and treatment options for herniated lumbar disc.”
  • The incidence of radiculopathy, pain and various symptoms is dependent on the location and quantity of herniation.
  • A comprehensive history and cautious bodily assessment, along with if essential by magnetic resonance imaging, can distinguish a herniated lumbar disc from low back strain and other probable reasons of comparable symptoms.
  • Deterioration of the intervertebral disc from a mixture of factors can lead to herniation, mainly at the L5-S1 and L4-5 levels.
  1. Lumbar load
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). “Risk factors for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation in Chinese population: a case-control study.”
  • Family history, lumbar load, hard-working, and time urgency are the major risk factors for lumbar disc herniation.
  • physical exercises and sleeping on the hard bed might be the protective factors.
  • In individual under the age of 30, lumbar load was the second most common risk factor followed by family history that may lead to lumbar disc herniation.
  • In individuals of the age group 30-55 years, lumbar load is a significant risk factor that may lead to disc herniation.
  1. Hard-working
Croat Med J. “Case-control study of risk factors for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation in Croatian island populations.”
  • In population of age 40 years or more, intensity of labour along with family history as well as body mass index was the main risk factors for occurrence of disc herniation.
  • Experiments showed the maximum odds ratios (OR) for affirmative family history (OR 4.00), strength of physical labour (OR 2.94) and body mass index of 25.7 or more (OR 2.77).
  1. BMI over 25.7
Croat Med J. “Case-control study of risk factors for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation in Croatian island populations.”
  • In population of age 40 years or more, body mass index along with family history as well as intensity of labour was the main risk factors for occurrence of disc herniation.
  • Experiments showed the maximum odds ratios (OR) for affirmative family history (OR 4.00), strength of physical labour (OR 2.94) and body mass index of 25.7 or more (OR 2.77).
  1. Cumulative physical workload
BMC Musculoskelet Disord. “Cumulative occupational lumbar load and lumbar disc disease—results of a German multi-center case-control study (EPILIFT).”
  • According to our study, cumulative physical workload is related to lumbar disc diseases among men and women.
  • Population control subjects amid 25 and 70 years of age underwent personal interview concerning whole work-related history and on the base of work task-specific additional surveys done by technical experts who using biomechanical model calculations determined situational lumbar weight represented by the compressive force at the lumbosacral disc.
  • Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated independently for women and men by means of unrestricted logistic regression investigation.
  1. Night shift works
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). “Risk factors for lumbar disc degeneration: a 5-year prospective MRI study in asymptomatic individuals.”
  • The results designate that the degree of disc herniation, the deficiency of sports activities, and night shift work are important danger factors for the growth of lumbar disc degeneration and its development.
  • Multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the night shift work (OR, 23.01) is important predictor for disc degeneration.
J Bone Joint Surg Am. “Long-term disability and return to work among patients who have a herniated lumbar disc: the effect of disability compensation.

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Health and nursing paper on: Primary health care

Health and nursing paper on: Primary health care 

Primary Health Care “reflects and evolves from the economic conditions and socio-cultural and political characteristics of the country and its communities and is based on the application of the  relevant results of social, biomedical and health services research and public health experience” (Declaration of Alma Ata).

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Nursing assignment on: Care in nursing home

Nursing assignment on: Care in nursing home

1) a)      What is the difference between a hostel and a nursing home?

Assignment Writing Tutor AustraliaNursing homes are places were complete care and high end care is provided by the registered nurses and occupational therapists, for example meals, dressing, laundry and treatment.  Whereas the hostels are the places were low end care is given and residents have to take their own care however few recreational facilities are provided.

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Nursing Assignment help on : CAUTI or Catheter

Nursing Assignment help on : CAUTI or Catheter

CAUTI or Catheter associated urinary tract infection are due  to the occurrence of the mix community of microbes and they  are not related to any particular population in the patients who have been subjected to catheterization since the long term. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA),and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, both are found in CAUTI, as a mixed culture were allowed to be grown together within the model of CAUTI as compared to their respective monocultures and a development was noted within the bio-film. It has been seen that microbials differ significantly in their behaviour when it comes to operating in their monocultures and with some other species within CAUTI. Their capability of bio-film formation and virulence gene expression is of significant importance for medical world as different strategies could be formulated for microbials and polymocriabials communities. There are seven methods used to conduct this study-  First is Strains & Culturing Conditions where the substances used are P. aeruginosa NCIMB 10777 and methicillin resistant S. aureus EMRSA16 obtained from cryotubes. ( Brooks T, Keevil CW ,1997 )

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Second method used is biofilm growth in which enzymes dispersin B and deoxyribonuclease are used along with Pseudomonas aeruginosa for secretion. Biofilm growth is further assisted by biofilm extraction in which a solution of artificial urine and ethanol-phenol mixture is used. mRNA extraction uses Tissue Lyser and RNeasy mini kit (Qiagen) as equipments of extraction. cDNA synthesis employs Invitrogen RT–PCR kit to carry out the process (Bartlett, J. M. S.; Stirling, D, 2003).
Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction uses Bio-Rad Mini-Opticon with 12.5 ml of iQ SYBR Green supermix, 1 ml forward primer, 1 ml reverse primer, 9.5 ml nuclease-free water and 1 ml of the cDNA template. To analyse the relative amounts of target gene expression in a mixed culture biofilm as compared to the bacterial species in biofilms of their respective monocultures, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was performed (Saiki, R.; Scharf, S.; Faloona, F.; Mullis, K.; Horn, G.; Erlich, H.; Arnheim, N,1985).
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Fluorescent antibody tagging method uses Texas red labelled polyclonal antibodies raised against P. aerguinosa (Abcam) with 2-4% formalin (Pober, Jordan S.; Abbas, Abul K.; Lichtman, Andrew H. 2000). Fluorescent antibody tagging was done to recognize the different bacterial species within a bio film of mixed community. Pseudomonas aeruginosa accounts for the twelve percent of the urinary infection (Van Delden C, Iglewski BH, 1998). The work is related to the findings of the strategies of the treatment for CAUTI, when there is a presence of the polymicrobial communities. Similar research works corresponding to P. Aeruginosa and its association with catheter-associated infection has been carried out by J.C. Nickel, J. Downey and J.W. Costerton 1992 but with different techniques although the same conclusion was obtained. In 2011, one more study was undertaken by Harith Jabbar et al. about the antagonistic effect of bacteriocin against urinary catheter associated Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm, again employing different statistics and equipments but bringing in the same results. This last research work was carried out after the research of Michael John Howard Goldsworthy (2008) and thus established the viability of his research findings. The major reason for the infections of the immune comprising individual monoculture is P. aeruginosa. It is difficult to control the spread of this organism because multiple intrinsics are present in CAUTI and mechanism of antimicrobial resistance has been acquired. The reflection of combination of the resistance mechanism has been done by the multidrug resistance. The common components of the multidrug resistance are the efflux pumps. The prevention of accumulation of antibacterial drugs has been done by the isolation of the P. aeruginosa. The drugs from the cells are being extruded before they get concentrated at the site of the action. MexAB-OprM, MexXY-OprM, MexCD-OprJ, and MexEF-OprN (Poole K, Srikumar R, 2001; Schweizer HP2003) MexAB-OprM and MexXY-OprM are the major efflux system related to P.aeruginosa, which gives its contribution towards the resistance by multidrug. I found this article particularly challenging and my understanding of this topic has significantly been increased after working on this assignment. Medical terminologies are always tough to comprehend but as a writer I strongly believe that I have done justice to this topic and can compete with a decent medical writer. Spelling wise, the words used in these referenced articles were quite unique and tough to spell but I didn’t find it clumsy to spell them correctly and made sure that each word is correct. Grammatically, I haven’t done a single mistake in the entire assignment and do think that no-one will be able to find a single mistake in this report. As far as the referencing part is concerned, I must say I wasn’t too comfortable while doing this part of assignment. Referencing is always understood to be a very tough and tedious task to undertake and I wasn’t the exception in this case.

University Assignment Help AustraliaI have primarily dealt with medical journals and the web-sources which contained medical write-ups on Apoptosis and Survivin on this occasion and found it peculiar to cite them correctly. I consider myself on par with any other writer who finds referencing a tough task to carry out. I have done my best in this article in providing proper referencing and in-text citations and believe this work will stand out against every stipulated criterion. All in all, I’ve carried out this work with utmost dedication and enthusiasm and hope that this essay will be granted without any further hue and cry.

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Nursing assignment on: Health & illness

Nursing assignment on: Health & illness

Introduction

The patterns and trends of health and illness prevailing in any country is the indicator of health status of the respective country. It is primarily used as an indicator of determining and measuring overall development of any country. Various national and international statistical organisations like Department of health, World Bank, United Nations Development programs, etc conduct studies on illness and health trends prevailing in various social groups in order to gain idea about the health status of respective country (Craft-Rosenberg and Pehler 2011).University Assignment Help AustraliaThe underlying essay aims at investigating and identifying health and illness patterns prevailing in different social groups. The study aims at targeting and studying two social groups viz. gender and social class. The gender group includes men and women and social class includes working and middle class. The essay also aims at discussing different sociological perspectives in order to identify reasons behind health differences.

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Nursing Assignment help on : Curriculum in the early childhood

Nursing Assignment help on : Curriculum in the early childhood

The curriculum in the early childhood is of much importance because it acts as the sole nurturing framework for the children. The early years of framework are such that are important for the effective development of the child. The purpose of education is always to act as the building block for the children it implies learning with effect that is not by repeating what is being taught to the children. The curriculum which is usually set for these children is meant to foster positive and critical thinking in the children.  The educators believe that in the childhood the children tend to explore the world which is around them and that they should make the best of the senses which they posses, that is by touching the surroundings, by tasting, seeing, smelling and hearing. Each curriculum has a goal that it makes the children grow more enthusiastic as a learner right from the beginning. The basic aim is to make the children learn in a manner which can make them grow self-confident, probing and independent in their thought process. Understanding a child is very important and it is seen that a proper development of the children only takes place when they are appreciated for what they do like for the cognitive skills they show, for the emotional or the physical activities as undertaken by them (And Early Childhood Learning (online) 2007). There are certain socio-cultural theories as given by many writers which can be compared and contrasted in many ways. The paper would therefore discuss two of them, Bruner and Vygotsky in detail in the further sections.Assignment Expert AustraliaBruner is a significant contributor in the human psychology and he has coined many theories which significantly. The theorist has researched much on the education psychology and has brought in many of his works’ series by posing the importance of education when it is taught in a practical way than to be only instructive in nature. The gist which he highlights in his educational theory is that a factual study cannot be healthy and doesn’t enhance the nature of the education, and therefore it has to have to be practical and applicable. In his basic model of thought the education is a cultural process which emphasises on the environment which is necessary for the education like first noticing the remarkable human elements in the human beings, and that how the humans actually react the way they do. In the present context the central focus is on the development of the children under a designed curriculum and thus making their growth effective and disciplined (Bruner, J 1960). Bruner as an educational theorist believes that thinking is the process which should be initiated when it comes to a child. According to the philosophy of the theorist knowledge or learning in childhood do not have to be dependent always on the conceptual framework, bon the set classifications or the usually used procedures of solving the problems which a culture traditionally. In fact, in childhood only the child has to know how to invent new things and the concepts for himself and the environment he is present in.University Assignment Help AustraliaFor the cognitive development of the children it is found that Bruner proposed the three ways for representation, the first being the Enactive Representation, Iconic Representation and Symbolic Representation. These modes of the representation are the ways which according to the age of the children let them store the knowledge in their memory. It is found that Enactive Learning is found in the Infants, because all a child does is to act. This ranges from the signals which the child gives about his hunger, to feeling irritated, to be happy over something or to ask for a toy. These modes of the representation are interrelated to each other and in a way move from one level to the other thus affecting the understanding of a child.  When the baby grows the understanding which the child makes is in the form of what he sees around that is by gaining knowledge from the visual concepts in the immediate environment (Bruner, J 1973).Assignment Help AustraliaThe main implications of the Bruner’s theory are that the education should be able to instil the capacity of the symbolic thinking in the children, so that they start to think cognitively. He criticises the most general forms of the curriculums as used by the schools, because they constantly try to match the levels of the complexity of the set syllabus to the academic and the cognitive capacity of the child. In the year 1960 the theorist brought that a spiral curriculum is needed, this  would be such a structure where all the possible angles of the information would be taught to the child in an open manner, the child would be made to learn the easiest ideas first and then moving on to the more complex levels gradually. If the learning is initiated with an increasing level of difficulty, that is if the spiral analogy is followed then this would initiate the problem solving skills in the child right from the beginning (Harden, R and Stamper, N 1999).

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Nursing Assignment on: Obesity

Nursing Assignment on: Obesity

Obesity is that medical condition where the body fat goes in excess and gets attained on the body in a disastrous manner. It becomes very tough for the body to move and remain active thus posing a threat to health and it leads to reduced number of healthy years of living the life. The obesity strikes a person when BMI that is the Body Mass Index exceeds more than 30 kg/m². The ill effects are such that it first affects the heart and disturbs the normal metabolism of the body by attacking the sugar levels in the body and it raises the chances of joint pains and the breathing problems. As the main, functions of the body are affected the rate of the productive activities is lowered. Obesity is also seen to be genetic and thus there are high chances that the babies produced by the obese parents are generally obese in the long run[1]. The Australian Public Service Commission is involving itself in many ways so as to check the issues which might affect the public in one or the other way. In the present context the central issue is that of the health. Health is anything which is of prime importance and if any location lacks the quality of the inhabitants with respect to the health issues they face the Australian government holds a safer perspective in terms of improving upon the wicked conditions of the health in the Australian Society. The problems are referred by this organisation as the wicked problems. The aim that this organisation holds is that the organisation would have to change the behaviour of the citizens towards the issue of the health so that it could be improved at the larger level in the society. The viewpoint that this organisation holds is to make its stakeholders do what they actually can to bring good to the organisation so that it can improve upon the wicked crisis of health.

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Nursing management on: Health sectors

Nursing management on: Health sectors

Assignment Expert AustraliaThe health sectors in many developing countries are undergoing major reforms at present, and a ‘sector-wide approach’ is being adopted to increase the impact of donor funds. In implementing health sector reform (HSR) and sector-wide approaches, both donor communities and ministries of health are interested in putting in place a manageable monitoring and evaluation system, against which the success of HSR can be judged. In the recognition of the weaknesses of health indicators to monitor HSR in the short-term, other indicators to reflect major aims of HSR are recommended: access, equity, quality, efficiency, and sustainability. In choosing performance measures to reflect these aims, a number of scientific (validity, relevance, reliability, quantifiable) and pragmatic (data available or easily collectable, data timely) criteria are proposed by which to judge the most appropriate performance indicators. Using these criteria, the strengths and weaknesses of performance indicators are discussed, as well as links between indicators and where they overlap. In particular, the conclusions about the success or failure of HSR depend not only on which performance indicators are chosen, but how they are defined and measured, whether current health management information systems can be relied on, and what alternative available data sources are available or can be set up. The next important steps are to: decide how many indicators should be on the final short list for monitoring health sector reform; rank indicators using scoring systems; assess data availability and quality; and decide on the final short-list of indicators.

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