Health and physical education literature review- Past Present and Future
Health and Physical Education
Name of the Student:
Name of the University:
Table of Contents
Health and Physical Education. 3
Health and physical education literature review- Past Present and Future
Health and Physical Education
Name of the Student:
Name of the University:
Table of Contents
Health and Physical Education. 3
Course Title: Innovation
Table of Contents
Executive Summary. 2
Definitions of Innovation. 3
Research & Development 5
The health care industry has encountered a multiplication of developments went for improving future, personal satisfaction, analytic and treatment alternatives, and additionally the proficiency and cost adequacy of the human services framework. Data innovation has assumed a fundamental part in the development of medicinal services frameworks. Regardless of the surge in development, hypothetical examination on the workmanship and art of social insurance advancement has been constrained. One of the main impetuses in exploration is an applied system that furnishes scientists with the establishment whereupon their studies are constructed. This study starts with a meaning of social insurance development and a comprehension of how advancement happens in medicinal services. A reasonable system is then created which explains the interceding variables that drive advancement in medicinal services. In view of the proposed meaning of human services advancement, the measurements of social insurance development, the procedure of medicinal services advancement and the reasonable system, this study opens the entryway for analysts to address a few inquiries with respect to advancement in health awareness.
The main purpose of the module is to develop the effective communication strategies in the space of the health promotion. In the following, the management needs to develop some of the sophisticated communication strategies and the tools in order to communicate with the individuals and to aware them about the harmful effects of the drinking and the drug addiction. Some of the tools like the blogs, opening the ages in the twitter and the face book will help the individuals in gaining the proper knowledge and thus it will help in the process of strategic and functional communication.
We have to compare the three batches in terms of their arithmetic mean tablet weight. For this comparison purpose, we have to see some descriptive statistics for these three batches. We have to use the one way ANOVA test for comparison of means of three batches. We have to use the SPSS for statistical analysis purpose. Let us see all this comparison in detail.
Construction of calibration curve
The claibration stndards, 25, 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 µg/mL were used to construct the calibration curve. The results reveal that the high correlation coefficient (0.9996) value indicating the linearity1 of the curve across the concentrations employed (Table-1). Therefore the calibration parameters can be used for the calculation of drug concentrations from the samples collected during dissolution study
The ELSM summative personal skills portfolio contains the following items:
Submit the single document, called “ELSM portfolio”containing items 2, 3,4 and 5, into the portfolio TURNITIN electronic drop-box on StudySpace, in the “portfolio” folder, in “assessment” by 09.00 on January 8th 2015. The word limit is 3,000 words. Words over this limit will be ignored. Title, subtitles and question numbers are excluded from the word limit. Candidates should not replicate the questions in their answer document.The work must be in 12 point font, in Ariel, or Times New Roman. Candidates should use footnotes to provide citations for any material referred to. Oscola formatting MUST be used. TURNITIN will detect plagiarism, including copying from another student, or a PowerPoint, any book or article, or any teaching material. TURNITIN is calibrated to ignore small matches, such as titles of Acts of Parliament, and legitimate material placed in quotation marks. Please see the StudySpace front page and follow the hyperlink marked “plagiarism” in the top left corner of the screen, and read the academic regulations on plagiarism.The portfolio document will be given marks out of 100% and will be graded according to the KU and KLS grading criteria.All candidates are expected to realise by now that they will be penalised for using internet crib sources, such as the Law Teacher, Sixth Form Law and similar sites and they will be rewarded for using legitimate sources such as the module textbooks, Westlaw, Lexis and so on. In accordance with KU regulations, module leaders are not permitted to grant extensions. In the event of illness, please follow the procedure in the regulations and contact the business and law undergraduate office. Contact details for the module administrator are in the handbook.
I need to follow the provisions of the Food Act of 1984 which is the key regulation governing the food industry in Australia.
The act classifies deteriorated food into two classes that are unsafe food and unsuitable food and further unsafe food has been classified as food which causes injury or food which causes illness.
DALY stands for disability adjusted life year which is an overall disease burden being faced by human due to ill health. It is gaining popularity because of high level of awareness being generated for public health. It is also being defined as lost years of healthy life by people in society. DALY’s stands for total burden or diseases which can be considered as a process of measuring the gap between ideal health and current health situation. It is gaining popularity all across the globe because of public health where people have been suffering due to poor health and disability factors. The DALY’s are being used by health planners and policy makers such as world Bank and WHO for quantifying level of burden of disease being faced by human. The sum total of DALY is equal to YLD+YLL where YLD stands for lost of years due to disability and YLL stands for loss of Life. It is being chosen for fulfilling the three aspects such as calculating the time being lost because of premature mortality, identifying the current epidemiological trends and quantifying the incidence. The understanding of burden of disease and injury indicates that in the young age group is valued more as compared to the older and child age because in this age group social contribution can be made more for growing the overall economy. It is stated that at the child age investment is being made very little and at old age group the return from invest is already taken. In such case, at young age there is high level of investment being made which can benefit the society. It is basically associated with mortality and ill health. It is being stated that DALY’s high preference is being given to death factor which does not reflect that human should take care regarding safe drinking water and nutrition (Population Services International 2010). Right now DALY is dealing to prevent human from future related diseases by identifying new preventive techniques which can help in saving the human life. At times it is also associated with several types of disorders which are being faced by people for longer period of time. The DALY also highlights people who have less value for life due to disabilities as compared to the healthy people in society. The understanding of burden related to disease can improve patient’s life styles and life experiences by getting discharged from acute care with support of proper and timely treatment. It can be explained with an example such as if a female is suffering from diarrhea in such situation she cannot go to market for selling the vegetables, but if a personal is suffering from HIV is such case he or she can go to any place. The difference between fatal and not fatal disease needs to be understood before implementing any kind of treatment. Thus DALY is one of the favored approach which can be applied for addressing the problems related to diseases and ill health which affects overall life of human.
Challenging behavior is defined as display of culturally abnormal behavior of such frequency, behavior and intensity that places the physical safety of other people in jeopardy. This kind of challenging behavior is usually exhibited by people having disabilities such as dementia, Alzheimer’s, developmental disorders, psychosis or when patients are admitted in the operation theatre. The challenging behavior includes self-injurious behavior such as biting and hitting, aggressive behavior (Kaiser, Rasminsky 2006).Thus, one of the serious and vital problems faced by nurses and health care professionals is management of disturbed individuals portraying various kinds of disturbed behavior after hospitalization. This assignment explains challenging behavior depicted by patients in hospital theatre. Moreover, the effective management of challenging behavior is discussed followed by conclusion.
Subject: Physical Activity, Lifestyle and Health
Criteria 1 Critically Examine My Current lifestyle
On completing the comprehensive health assessment, my lifestyle was found to be relatively supportive of a high level of health. Through further analyzing these results there are certainly some changes required, within each category, for me to ascertain an optimum level of health.
Infection is usually caused by entry of germs in the human body through air, swallowing or through cuts. The infection can be varied and includes pneumonia, lung infection, septicaemia, blood poisoning, meningitis or infection caused around the brain lining. Immunization is a clinical procedure which is safe, simple and an effective ways for guarding the child against any infectious diseases (DH, 2013; Ministry of Health, 2013). This is carried out as the risk of contracting the disease or infection is high than the risk of the side-effect after the immunisation process.
The purpose of this report is to increase focus and action for safeguarding the well-being and mental health adolescents (12-24 years of age), especially adolescents suffering from depression. There are numerous factors upon which the social, emotional as well as mental well being of an adolescent depends such as the kind of lifestyle followed by the family in which they are brought up, education of parents, family’s socio-economic status, values etc. The role of a nurse in providing primary health care through, health promotion, education, advocacy, illness-prevention etc. has been emphasized in this report.
The marketing proposal is designed for the Australian market. It has been found that Australians are very much prone to skin cancer and almost two out of three Australians are diagnosed with skin cancer by the age of 70 (Victoria, 2012). It has also been found that the trend now is to do prevention before the disease to occur. The product designed to be launched is a nutricosmetics product, which are the combination of cosmetics and pharmaceuticals (Kline & Company, 2008). The nutricosmetic products are anti oxidants, beauty products with nutritional value for the skin. Since, skin is being the largest organ of the body and exposed directly to the environment and thus needs the most care (Simpson, 2011). It is advised to Australians to avoid sun exposure and must use sunscreens which is again a nutricosmetic product. The product which is going to be marketed is ‘LaracareTM A200’ of Lonza Group Ltd. Company (Group, 2012).
Question1: Discuss why obesity is a National Health Priority in Australia?
Answer 1: Obesity has very important impacts from the perspective of health, society, and economy and is closely linked with the lack of diet and exercise. Being obese or overweight increases the risk of suffering from the wide range of conditions such as, Type 2 diabetes, cancers, and coronary heart disease, hip and knee problems (Obesity, 2010). According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics report 2008, it was estimated that around $58 billion from the total annual cost of obesity in Australia includes, health system costs, carers’ costs, and loss due to decline in productivity (Health Risk Factors, 2012). The proportion of adults which are in the age of 18 or above, were classified as overweight or obese is estimated to 61% in 2008-2009. For men, there was an increase from 64% to 68% in 2008-2009, while in women, the proportion increased from 49% to 55% (Health Risk Factors, 2012). Life expectancy decreases due to increase in number of obese people who have health problems. Obesity is the health risks that impact the ability of a person to work or even participate in the family or community. In 2008, Australian society and government estimate $58.2 billion incurred for the overall cost of obesity (Children who are overweight or obese, 2009).
Health assignment essay help: Importance of a Construction Organization & Effective OHS Management System
Importance of a Construction Organization Developing and Maintaining A Working and Effective OHS Management System
Concept: The effect of chemical raising agents on cornflour.
Gluten is a composite produced from diverse proteins. It is found most frequently in wheat and other correlated grains, such as barley and rye. It adds a characteristic chewiness and to baked goods, this ingredient is used in other foods as a binder and thickener, protein supplement and flavour enhancer (Vaclavik & Christian 2008). There are two components of gluten which are glutenin and gliadin. Glutenin is the key protein found in wheat flour. It is accountable for the strength and extensibility of dough. Gliadin is a glycoprotein present in wheat and numerous other cereals. It is liable for giving elasticity to the dough (Vaclavik & Christian 2008 ). Corn is naturally gluten free, thus corn flour doesn’t have the glue-like quality of wheat flour, so you typically add a binder such as eggs to corn flour dough to keep it intact when baking (Barlowe, 2011). Another component of flour is starch which is mainly found in the endosperm. Starch is a carbohydrate comprising of a large number of glucose units connected by glycosidic bonds (Vaclavik & Christian 2008). It is the most recurrent carbohydrate in the human diet and is found in big amounts in staple foods such as wheat, potatoes, rice etc. When the starch is exposed to heat and water then the intermolecular bond breaks down in a process called gelatinisation. There are some factors that influence the quality of the flour when it is going under baking such as, baking powder and fat. Baking powder is a chemical raising agent used to boost the volume and lighten the texture of baked supplies such as muffins, scones etc. It works by releasing carbon dioxide gas into a batter or dough through an acid-base reaction, causing bubbles in the wet mixture to expand and thus leavening the mixture. Most commercially available baking powders are made up of an alkaline component (typically sodium bicarbonate, also known as baking soda), one or more acid salts (like Tartaric Acid), and an inert starch (such as corn starch). It is of two types, both a combination of an acid and alkali, when in presence of moisture and heat produce gas. The alkali base for both types is generally bicarbonate of soda. The two types are single acting and double acting baking powder. The former can be made at home and is cheap whereas the latter is more efficient (Campbell, et al 1980). Another factor is fat. The importance of fat is that it increases the volume by lubricating gluten strands but too much can tenderise and shortens the gluten strands. It keeps the crust tender, the crumb soft and moist, makes the keeping quality less hardening and also gives a better colour (Campbell, et al 1980).
The purpose of this report is to increase the focus and action for primary health care to be taken in case of a stroke in Australia. Analyze the current primary health care services and initiatives and discuss about proposal to improve existing services in Australia. Stroke is a chief reason of disability and death in the elderly population of Western countries. In Australia, the second biggest killer after coronary heart disease is stroke and is also a chief reason of disability. The Model of Stroke Care for Western Australia (WA) 2006, National Stroke Foundation, and Stroke Unit Trialists’ Collaboration 2003 etc. are some initiatives taken by Australian government for betterment of primary health care in case of stroke.
Cancers of the endometrium, cervix, ovaries, uterus, fallopian tube, vulva, gestational trophoblastic tumors as well as vaginal cancer are types of female reproductive cancers. Menarche’s initial age and final menstrual period‘s late age, and also some other reproductive factors, might be the reason of growth of some types of cancer relating to the reproductive organs of females. It has been approximated that incidence of even 16% of cases of ovarian cancer in the population might be because of late menopause. The frequency of ovarian cancer is also elevated amid women who hardly ever become pregnant and amongst nulliparous women. Another important factor is the age at which a woman delivers her first baby. If miscarriage was the reason for ending of pregnancy, the peril of contracting ovarian cancer reduces as compared to the women who have never been pregnant. Amid patients who never breastfed their babies, the risk of ovarian cancer was 1.7 times elevated, as related to those who did breastfed their babies (Pięta et al., 2012). The cause of breast cancer is constantly abnormality in the genetic material (an “error” in the genes of the individual). Though, only 6-11% of cancers are caused because of an anomaly that is innate (inherited from your father or mother). Abnormalities in the genes that occur as a consequence of the course of aging and the “wear and tear” of life in general account for around 90% of breast cancers. No apparent proof exists that oral contraceptives lead to or amplify the possibility of occurrence of any cancer in the genital tract of females and their breast. Indeed, oral contraceptives tender a major shield against the growth of ovarian and endometrial cancer, particularly to those women who have been taking oral contraceptives for quite some time. The alliance amid the peril of breast cancer and use of oral contraceptives is not much certain, however characteristics like benign breast disease family history, a tight bond with breast cancer, or nulliparity — formerly measured to be significant do not come into sight to donate appreciably to the hazard. The credence of proof shows that no amplified danger of breast cancer is there, even in those younger women whose age is less than 25 years who make up their mind to use oral contraceptives prior to their 1st full-term pregnancy. There is now sturdy confirmation to correlate infectivity in carcinogenesis of the uterine cervix to large quantity of sexual partners and wart virus infection. There does not emerge to be a generally affiliation amid malignant melanoma and oral contraceptives. On the whole, the proof is encouraging. The low-dose joint oral contraceptive can be well thought-out to be absolutely safe, not only in conditions of cardiovascular and thromboembolic hazards, but furthermore in relation to carcinogenesis (Khoo, 1986). The previous decade has observed a revolution in the considerate understanding of breast cancer, with novel characterizations planned that has a significant predictive worth and provides guides to action options. Breast cancers that display the deficiency of oestrogen receptor and progesterone receptor and no over expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) are called as TNBC or triple-negative breast cancer. At the moment there is proof up-and-coming from epidemiological experiments on the subject of significant features of this group of tumours that bear a comparatively lesser forecast than the chief breast cancer sub-types. Women with TNBC see the zenith danger of reappearance in about three years of finding, and the mortality rates come into view to be amplified for about five years subsequent to detection. Even though prediction for avoidance of non-hormone-dependent breast cancer is at present deprived, it is still significant to recognize the aetiology of such tumours (Boyle, 2012). Epithelial ovarian cancer is a disease usually detected at delayed stages, at a time when continued existence rates are predominantly deprived. Diagnostic screening methods are at present unproductive at diagnosing diseases at the most primitive most stages of treatment. This is perplexed by the comparative infrequency of the disease. Stratifying the population in accordance to epidemiological risk, genetic, and/or lifestyle characteristics may perhaps advance primary-stage screening methods by inspiring the population for individuals at maximum disease danger. If life span duration perils are considerable, surgical interventions like laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy may possibly be accessible to women to get rid of in total their dangers of main cancer of the ovary. There have been important current up gradations in evaluating genetic danger characteristics for a massive amount of cancers, together with ovarian cancer. This investigation has been carried forward by advances in technology that facilitate extremely elevated throughput DNA scanning methods in numerous subjects (Gayther, 2012). The eighth most frequent cancer amongst women is the ovarian cancer, not including non-melanoma skin cancers. About 3% of all cancers in women accounts for ovarian cancer. Among women, ovarian cancer ranks fifth in deaths due to cancer. The biologic actions that result into ovarian cancer are still unidentified. Numerous factors (e.g., environmental, genetic variables and hormonal) might have a role, even though all women are at a risk for this disease being developed. What causes cervical cancer is yet unidentified. Human papillomavirus (HPV) of two types causes infection, which is sexually transmitted, is highly related to vulvar as well as cervical cancer and is the chief danger characteristic. Proof of HPV is seen in almost 80% of patients of cervical cancer. The capability of the immune system to fight infection (including HPV infection) and elevate the probability of precancerous cells being developed into cancerous cells is diminished by Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Cervical cancer is the third most frequent type of gynaecological cancer according to the American Cancer Society Cancer Facts & Figures 2007. Major cancer mortality and morbidity globally is caused by ovarian, endometrial and cervical cancers which are fairly frequent, while vaginal, vulvar, choriocarcinomas and fallopian tube cancers are extremely atypical. As numerous factors of ways of leading life are identified to have a key responsibility in the occurrence of these cancers, hardly any published experiments or studies have examined probable relations with work-related factors. Apart from the existing proof on the associations amid cervical cancer and tetrachloroethylene, and ovarian cancer and asbestos fibres, very few job-related exposures have been related with amplified risks of these cancers (Weiderpass et al., 2012)
The demands of the consumer world are applicable even to health care and social care system of the country. Hospitals should be highly active in service delivery and health care as it is the most visible service that is given away to people by them. Failing to do that would impact the reputation of the hospital and thus the income of the hospital. The consumer demand has increased on Stafford Hospital and this assignment analyses some of the important strategies and perspective taken on service delivery, quality assurance and quality improvement methods that can be adapted by the health and social care sector and hence taken by Stafford Hospital.
Araluen Botanic Park has been Australia’s most attractive park since 1929 (Experience Perth 2012). Though it is in full bloom and at its best during spring the park is always a special place for nature lovers. Located near the Darling Range it is considered to be the most unique forest in Western Australia. Streams flowing and grasses all over you will find it relaxing as well as the best picnic spot for a perfect vacation. The garden is famous for its tulips and its bushes that make it perfect for a nice bushwalk. People come here for small vacation with their family, bird-watching, photography and even weddings. The famous tulip festival is held every year and they exude the ambience and beauty of the garden. People visiting Perth cannot afford to miss Araluen Botanic Park as the aroma and festivals will take you to a whole new world. There have been some health and safety issues at Araluen Park in recent times because of the increase in bush fires and parking problems. These problems have caused damages to the beauty of the park and disturbed the annual festivals.