- How does one determine what one “ought to do?”
- How do we determine what is morally right and wrong?
- What’s the difference between a moral and non-moral issue?
- Is sense of morality inherent in all individuals?
- Is Socrates right when he says that evil and other negative actions are the result of ignorance?
- Is acting morally requisite if a person is to reach his full potential?
- Do universal moral principles exist? If so, what are these universal morals?
- Is moral behaviour necessary for happiness?
- Should reason be the sole basis for determining what actions are morally right or wrong?
- Are a society’s values always rooted in morality? Are values necessarily based on universal morality?
- Is every human action rooted in a self-serving motivation?
- What is justice? How do we determine if something is “just.”
- Is justice universal or is it a human social construct? Does justice exist outside human society?
- Do the ends ever justify the means? What is an example of this?
- Can “an eye for an eye” be morally justified?
- Is there such a thing as a justified killing? Is all murder morally wrong?
- Is capital punishment ever morally or ethically permissible? If so, when and on what grounds?
- What types of crimes should be eligible for the death penalty? Why?
- Should euthanasia be permitted in cases of terminally ill patients?
- Can the killing of one conjoined twin be justified if it saves the life of the other conjoined twin?
- A pregnant mother is in a coma. Is it permissible to deliver the baby if the procedure is likely to kill the mother? Who should decide?
- Should abortion be permitted in cases where the mother’s life is at risk?
- In what, if any, situation is abortion acceptable? Who should determine abortion regulations?
- Is media censorship ever justified? If so, on what grounds?
- Is there an argument that can justify killing an animal to eat meat when vegetarian options are readily available?
- Is it unethical to test on animals, even if the testing helps save human lives?
- What rights should be afforded to animals? On what basis?
- Are needle exchange programs ethical? Does this promote drug use?
- Is employee drug testing justified? What are the moral and ethical implications?
- Is it a wealthy nation’s moral obligation to help poorer nations?
- Should the wealthy be required to subsidize programs to aid the poor?
- Is there a moral or ethical obligation to recycle, green-build and take other pro-environment actions?
- What ethical obligation do people have when it comes to saving endangered species?
- Is it ethical to take measures to preserve an endangered species, even if this negatively impacts other species?
Do universal moral principles exist? If so, what are these universal morals?
“Universal Morals” The term itself arises a question in everyone s mind. Is there any concept like moral principles in the universe? In general the common man understands that the religion or god decides the moral principles and not any human beings. There is a common understanding that the values and morals prepared by man are temporary and not eternal. It varies from culture to culture and place to place. It is the man who attempts to change the moral principles. (Johnson,2004)
It is one of the very rich beliefs that the great holy books like Bible were written by the people highly inspired of ruled by the divine principles. Thus the values that we hold, based on the holy books are after all man defined or created by man, it is very difficult to believe the existence of the moral principles that provide guidance to the people all the time. In my opinion moral principles has been a process of development which developed over a period of time. And it is a matter debate about the existence of moral principles. If there would have been moral principles, there would have been equally among all religions around the world and no contradicts in the process of education to the masses.(Keith, 2003)