Land law in the UK has a prolonged history that changed over the years. The theories and principles that were held to be logical and equitable once have changed according to the evolving nature and situation of the country. The country has experienced a number of theories and principles proposed by eminent philosophers and economists over the years that has influenced and shaped land law in the country. One of such influential political philosophers was John Locke (1632 – 1704). His one of the most promising and revolutionary claim was depicted in his writing titled as “Two Treaties of Government”. In his writing, he claimed that men by nature are free and equal. This was against the then contemporary belief that God has made all people subjects to a monarch by nature. His main arguments were that a man by nature has a few rights with respect to life, property and liberty and are not naturally subject of any monarch. He further claimed that these rights are fundamental in nature and are independent of any law of any particular society. He brought forward a nexus between common people and the government by claiming that people transfer some of their rights to a legitimate political government in order to ensure that they get a suitable and stable form of life. This transfer depended on a social contract between the common people and the government. The land law in the UK has evolved and went through drastic changes over the years. The principles and theories that once formed the basis of this evolution have been dispensed with and replaced by newer theories and principles. Significant changes were noticed in the twentieth and twenty first centuries that provided a shape to the present land laws of the country. During this period, several legislations were passed by the UK parliament in the form of various acts to trigger a shift from centralization of political and legislative powers. This essay makes an attempt to define and describe these changes in the legislative framework and to arrive at a logical conclusion about the nature and reasons for the shift of the legislative framework from the theories proposed by Locke.